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Running head: TASK 2 COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING1Task 2 Community Health NursingNicole JacobsWestern Governors University07/03/2020
TASK 2 COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING2International OutbreakA. Ebola VirusB. Description of a chosen international outbreak On September 25, 2014 patient one, who had traveled to Dallas County, Texas started showing signs of illness, with a fever, abdominal pain, and headache. The man had traveled to the United States 5 days earlier from Liberia. Three days later, on September 28th, the man returned to the hospital via ambulance with a persistent fever, abdominal pain, and new onset diarrhea. On September 30, patient one’s samples were tested at the Texas Department of State Health Services and the CDC confirmed that patient one was positive for Ebola virus. From March 10, 2014, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea had experienced one of the largest known Ebola virus epidemics with about 13,000 infected persons as of October 28, 2014. Three individuals were positive for Ebola virus in Texas, and 177 were exposed but did not show signs of infection (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2014). B1. Epidemiological Determinants and Risk FactorsRisk factors for Ebola virus disease (EVD) will include recent traveling to an endemic region, and/or direct care with exposure to bodily fluids such as blood of a symptomatic Ebola virus patient. Risk factors also include, direct contact through broken skin or mucous membranesof the eyes, mouth, or nose while not wearing personal protective gear when exposed to a dead body that is located in an endemic region. Ebola can spread quickly through hospitals, and clinics and can mutate into a form that is easily spread (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], n.d.-a). Reasons for spread of Ebola in underdeveloped countries include weak healthcare systems, poor transportation and road systems in rural settings, which can delay
TASK 2 COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING3

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