2 - Joints and Muscles Grays

2 - Joints and Muscles Grays - Joints and Muscles Joints...

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Unformatted text preview: Joints and Muscles Joints (articulations) Where parts of skeleton meet Allows varying amounts of mobility Classified by structure or function Arthrology : study of joints Classification of Joints Function: Synarthroses = no/little movement Amphiarthroses = slight movement Diarthroses = great movement Joints by Functional Classification Type Movement Example Synarthrosis None (minimal) Sutures, Teeth, Epiphyseal plates, 1 st rib and costal cart. Amphiarthrosis Slight Distal Tibia/fibula Intervertebral discs Pubic symphysis Diarthrosis Great Glenohumeral joint Knee joint TMJ Joint Classification Structure Cartilagenous Synchondrosis : connected by hyaline cartilage Symphysis : connected by fibrocartilage Fibrous Sutures : connected by short strands of dense CT Syndesmoses : connected by ligaments Gomphosis : peg in socket w/short ligament Synovial Page 20 & 23 Joints by Structural Classification Structure Type Example Cartilagenous Synchondrosis Symphysis Epiphyseal plates Intervertebral discs Fibrous Sutures Syndesmoses Gomphosis Skull Distal Tibia/fibula Teeth in sockets Synovial 6 Shapes Glenohumeral joint Knee joint TMJ Components of SYNOVIAL JOINTS: ( Structural Joint Classification continued) Articular cartilage : hyaline; covers ends of both bones articulating Synovial (joint) cavity : space holding synovial fluid...
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2011 for the course PDBIO 220 taught by Professor Tomco during the Winter '09 term at BYU.

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2 - Joints and Muscles Grays - Joints and Muscles Joints...

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