Chapter 1 notes

Chapter 1 notes - Humananatomy Humananatomy Chapter1

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Human anatomy Human anatomy Chapter 1 Chapter 1 Introduction to Human Anatomy Introduction to Human Anatomy
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I. Introduction to Anatomy- A broad field of science in which the body is studied at different levels. The definition of anatomy (morphology) is the study of human body or science of form; physiology is the study of body function. As you study this subject pay attention to the theme of how "Structure Determines Function" .
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II Anatomical Terminology- The study of anatomy will introduce you to a large vocabulary. It is as if you were learning a new language and mastery of this language is essential for your success in this class. A. Pay attention to Greek and Latin roots as you learn the new vocabulary. At one point Latin was the official language used in science and thus it remains today as a way to maintain consistency worldwide. B. As you learn this new language it is recommended that you create vocabulary flash cards pertaining to each chapter to learn the correct spelling and pronunciation (internet glossary) for each word. Practice the new vocabulary consistently and recognize that many different words can be used to describe the same thing
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III. Branches of Anatomy - The different levels of organization that make up the body allow for the study of anatomy in various branches. Levels of organization: Atoms form molecules molecules form organelles (essential for cell function) organelles form cells a group of cells with the same structure and function forms a tissue two or more different tissues form an organ two or more organs form organ systems multiple systems form the human body.
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B. Anatomy can be studied at each level of organization: 1) Gross Anatomy 2) microscopic anatomy 3)clinical anatomy 4)Developmental Anatomy 5) Embryology 6)Functional Morphology (physiology) 1. Gross Anatomy- This form of study focuses on large body structures that can be analyzed by the naked eye, primarily through dissection. Studying the organs can be done as part of regional anatomy (all the organs in a body region) or systemic anatomy (all organs relating to one system). Surface anatomy is the study or superficial body "landmarks" that reveal underlying organs.
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A. The anatomical position- A stance or position commonly used for visual reference points. B. Defined as standing erect, feet together and eyes, feet, and palms facing forward.
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B. Directional and Regional terms- These are standard terms based on the anatomical position to precisely describe the location of a certain body part in relation to another. i. Directional terms are usually paired as: superior and inferior anterior and posterior medial and lateral intermediate distal and proximal superficial and deep. ADD: VENTRAL/DORSAL
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2011 for the course PDBIO 220 taught by Professor Tomco during the Winter '09 term at BYU.

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Chapter 1 notes - Humananatomy Humananatomy Chapter1

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