Memory(1) - Chapter 7 Human Memory Human Memory Basic...

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Chapter 7: Human Memory
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Human Memory: Basic Questions How does information get into memory? How is information maintained in memory? How is information pulled back out of memory?
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Figure 7.2 Three key processes in memory
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Encoding: Getting Information Into Memory The role of attention Focusing awareness Selective attention = selection of input Filtering : early or late? Multitasking
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Figure 7.3 Models of selective attention
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Levels of Processing: Craik and Lockhart (1972) Incoming information processed at different levels Deeper processing = longer lasting memory codes Encoding levels : Structural = shallow Phonemic = intermediate Semantic = deep
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Figure 7.4 Levels-of-processing theory
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Figure 7.5 Retention at three levels of processing
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Enriching Encoding: Improving Memory Elaboration = linking a stimulus to other information at the time of encoding Thinking of examples Visual Imagery = creation of visual images to represent words to be remembered Easier for concrete objects: Dual-coding theory Self-Referent Encoding Making information personally meaningful
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Storage: Maintaining Information in Memory Analogy: information storage in computers ~ information storage in human memory Information-processing theories Subdivide memory into 3 different stores Sensory, Short-term, Long-term
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Figure 7.7 The Atkinson and Schiffrin model of memory storage
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2011 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Dan during the Fall '08 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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Memory(1) - Chapter 7 Human Memory Human Memory Basic...

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