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PSY 101 Lecture 10-21-11(1)-1

PSY 101 Lecture 10-21-11(1)-1 - time PsychodynamicTheory...

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the relatively stable set of psychological  characteristics and behavioral patterns that  account for our individuality and consistency over  time
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Psychodynamic Theory emphasize unconscious influences on personality Trait Perspective set of underlying traits account for the consistencies in  behavior from one situation to another Social-Cognitive Perspective individual’s learning history and ways of thinking Humanistic Perspective personalities expressed through our efforts to actualize  our unique potential as human beings
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Sigmund Freud sexual instinct   (preserves the species) aggressive instinct   (explains aggression)
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psychoanalytical theory  - personality and  behavior are shaped by unconscious forces and  conflicts levels of consciousness structure of personality defense mechanisms stages of psychosexual development
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conscious preconscious unconscious
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Conscious : the part of the mind  corresponding to the state of  present awareness Preconscious : the part of the  mind whose contents can be  brought into awareness through  focused attention Unconscious : lies outside the  range of ordinary awareness and  holds troubling or unacceptable  urges, impulses, memories, and  ideas conscious preconscious unconscious
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Id:  exists in the unconscious and contains our  basic drives and instinctual impulses Ego:  attempts to balance the instinctual  demands of the id with social realities and  expectations Superego:  corresponds to an internal moral  guardian or conscience
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pleasure principle:  a governing principle of  the id that is based on demands for instant  gratification without regard to social rules or  customs reality principle:  the governing principle of  the ego that takes into account what is  practical and acceptable in satisfying basic  needs
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reality-distorting strategies of the ego to  prevent awareness of anxiety-evoking or  troubling ideas or impulses
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personality develops through 5 psychosexual  stages of development Determined by how the child seeks physical pleasure  from sexually sensitive parts of the body -  erogenous  zones Fixations:  personality   traits or behavior patterns  characteristics of the particular stage
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Stages Oral Anal  Phallic  Latency  Genital
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