Deduction & Induction

Deduction & Induction - Tuesday, August 13, 2002...

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Page: 1 http://trochim.human.cornell.edu/kb/ dedind.htm [ Home ] [ Structure of Research ] [ Deduction & Induction ] [ ] [ Introduction to Validity ] Deductive and Inductive Thinking In logic, we often refer to the two broad methods of reasoning as the deductive and inductive approaches. Deductive reasoning works from the more general to the more specific. Sometimes this is informally called a "top-down" approach. We might begin with thinking up a theory about our topic of interest. We then narrow that down into more specific hypotheses that we can test. We narrow down even further when we collect observations to address the hypotheses. This ultimately leads us to be able to test the hypotheses with specific data -- a confirmation (or not) of our original theories. Inductive reasoning works the other way, moving from specific observations to broader generalizations and theories. Informally, we
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2011 for the course MGMT 4199 taught by Professor Robertdesman during the Fall '11 term at Kennesaw.

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Deduction & Induction - Tuesday, August 13, 2002...

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