family_lec4 - 9/14/2010 Marriage Sociology of the Family...

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9/14/2010 1 Sociology of the Family Lecture 4 Prof. Mouzon Marriage 1 Marital Status of U.S. Population, 18 and Older Men Women 59.9% 28.6% 8.9% 2.5% Married Never Married Divorced Widowed 56.7% 22.0% 11.5% 9.8% Married Never Married Divorced Widowed 2
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9/14/2010 2 Marital Status, U.S. Population 18 and Older, by Ethnicity (2008) 58.4% 35.1% 53.1% 63.4% 22.0% 41.3% 32.0% 25.8% 12.6% 17.0% 11.4% 5.9% 7.0% 6.5% 3.5% 4.8% 0.0% 20.0% 40.0% 60.0% 80.0% 100.0% White Black Latino Asian Widowed Divorced/Separated Never Married Married U.S. Census Bureau, “America’s Families and Living Arrangements: 2008” (Table A) 3 The Rise of Singles 4
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9/14/2010 3 Who Can Marry? Prohibited across the U.S.: Parents/children, grandparents/grandchildren, brothers/sisters (including half-siblings), uncles/nieces, aunts/nephews Prohibited in some states Parents/adopted children 1 st cousins (allowed in 20 states, allowed w/restrictions in 6 states) Age restrictions, exceptions Number of spouses Generally heterosexuals only Same-sex marriage only legally performed in CT, IO, MA, NH, VT, DC, CA (pending) Same-sex marriage recognized in NY, NJ, MD, and RI 5 Historical Stages of Marriage: Institutional Marriage Institution of marriage based on adherence to the idea of marriage as permanence “Represented the age -old tradition of a family organized around economic production, kinship network, community connections, the father’s authority, and marriage as a functional partnership rather than a romantic relationship… Family tradition, loyalty, and solidarity were more important than individual goals and romantic interest” (Doherty 1992, p. 3) Practical and economic security 6
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9/14/2010 4 Historical Stages of Marriage: Companionate Marriage (1920s-1980s) Sharp (sexual) division of labor persisted but far more emphasis on affection, friendship, and sexual gratification Emotional satisfaction of spouses became important but still focused on playing “appropriate” marital roles Eventually declined for 2 reasons: 1. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 920:272 taught by Professor Mouzon during the Fall '09 term at Rutgers.

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family_lec4 - 9/14/2010 Marriage Sociology of the Family...

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