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family_lec12_workfamily_pt2_3pg - Work and Family Part II...

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10/21/2010 1 Sociology of the Family Prof. Mouzon Work and Family: Part II 28 Potential Causes of the Gender Wage Gap 29 “Opting out” revolution Motherhood penalty Fatherhood wage premium The “Mommy track” Unpaid family labor Housework Caregiving The Norm of Intensive Mothering 30 Expectation that mothers should give of themselves/their resources unconditionally Including but not limited to time, money, emotional support and love Creates stress and guilt for mothers Limits employment opportunities for women Note: Fatherhood norms are slowly transforming as well
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10/21/2010 2 “Opting Out Revolution” 31 Lisa Belkin, New York Times Magazine, 2003 http://www.montana.edu/wrt/opt_out_revolution.pdf Examined the phenomenon of high-powered career women “choosing” to leave the labor force to raise children Others argued that this was a constrained choice, if a “choice” at all Only 16% of highly trained professional women always intended to quit when they had children (Stone & Lovejoy, 2004) Interviewed Ivy League women with professional/managerial careers who left the paid labor force Largely an upper-middle class phenomenon “Opting out” was rarely comprehensive and permanent The “Opting Out Revolution” (Belkin 2003) 32 The eight women in the room have each earned a degree from Princeton, which was a citadel of everything male until the first co-educated class entered in 1969. And after Princeton, the women of this book club went on to do other things that women once were not expected to do. They received law degrees from Harvard and Columbia. They chose husbands who could keep up with them, not simply support them. They waited to have children because work was too exciting. They put on power suits and marched off to take on the world. Yes, if an early feminist could peer into this scene, she would feel triumphant about the future. Until, of course, any one of these polished and purposeful women opened her mouth. ' 'I don't want to be on the fast track leading to a partnership at a prestigious law firm,'' says Katherine Brokaw, who left that track in order to stay home with her three children. ''Some people define that as success. I don't.'„ ''I don't want to be famous; I don't want to conquer the world; I don't want that kind of life,'' says Sarah McArthur Amsbary, who was a theater artist and teacher and earned her master's degree in English, then stepped out of the work force when her daughter was born. ''Maternity provides an escape hatch that paternity does not. Having a baby provides a graceful and convenient exit.'' The “Opting Out Revolution” (Belkin 2003) 33 Sally Sears, 1975 Princeton grad, TV anchor : “I would have hung in there, except the days kept getting longer and longer,” she explains. “My five -day 50-hour week was becoming a 60-hour week….Will was growing up, and I was driving home from a fire… I knew there would always be wrecks and fires, but there wouldn‟t always be his childhood…. It was wrenching for me to leave Channel 2…. I miss being
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