family_lec13_sexuality_pt2_2pg

family_lec13_sexuality_pt2_2pg - 10/28/2010 Sexuality: Part...

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10/28/2010 1 Sexuality: Part II 38 Sociological Approaches to Sexuality 2 characteristics of social constructionist approach to sexuality: 1. 2. Other sociological assumptions: Sexuality as a continuum, not a dichotomy Human sexuality is not simply a biological drive but is formed by the social system and controlled by those in power. Particular sexual practices are enforced by the dominant society. 39
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10/28/2010 2 Definitions Sexual identity: Sexual orientation: Sexual behavior: Sexual identity ≠ sexual orientation sexual behavior The 3 concepts need not have to overlap (are not interchangeable) 40 Non-overlapping nature of sexual orientation, attraction, and behavior 41 WOMEN MEN Identify as heterosexual 90% 90% Identify as gay or lesbian 1.3% 2.3% Identify as bisexual 2.8% 1.8% Had gay or lesbian experience 11.5% 6.2% Had sex with same-sex partner in last year 4% 3% Had sex with same-sex and opposite- sex partner in last year 3% 1% Sexually attracted to opposite sex only 86% 92% Find fantasy of homosexual or lesbian experience appealing 5.5% 6% Mosher et al. 2005; Lauman et al. 1994
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10/28/2010 3 42 Figure 12.4 Same-Sex Couples in the United States, 1990-2007 Sources: Gates, Gary J. (2007). “Geographic Trends among Same-Sex Couples in the U.S. Census and the American Community Survey.” The Williams Institute, p. 3. Online: http://repositories.cdlib.org/uclalaw/Williams/census/gates_1; O’Connell, Martin and Daphne Lofquist (2009). “Counting Same-Sex Couples: Official Estimates and Unofficial Guesses.” U.S. Census Bureau Working Papers. Online: http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/hh-fam.html. 43 http://www.gallup.com/poll/108115/americans-evenly-divided-morality-homosexuality.aspx Lawrence vs. Texas (2003)
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4 Asexuality as an emerging sexual orientation 44 Asexuals have emotional feelings and may desire intimate (but not sexual) relationships with others Some experience arousal or practice masturbation “but feel no desire for partnered sexuality” (Jay 2005) Exploratory study in Britain found 1.05% of adults aged 18-59 were asexual even though 44% were/had been married or cohabiting Women more likely to be asexual than men but no age differences Asexuality more common among those of lower social class Comparing Gay/Lesbian Couples to Married Heterosexual Couples (Kurdek, 2004) 45 1. 2.
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family_lec13_sexuality_pt2_2pg - 10/28/2010 Sexuality: Part...

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