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Unformatted text preview: Sociology 311: Introduction to Social Research, Professor Phillips Study Guide for Exam #1 KEY CONCEPTS AND ISSUES Note: This listing is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather to help guide and focus your studying. The nature of scientific knowledge Errors in everyday / non-scientific reasoning: overgeneralization, selective / inaccurate observations, illogical reasoning, resistance to change * key principles underlying process of science: empiricism, objectivity, control * the nature of scientific questions * criteria for "good" scientific questions: feasibility, social importance, scientific relevance * major goals / purposes of research: exploratory research, descriptive research, explanatory research, evaluation research. Elements of research design Relationship between theory and empirical research * deduction * induction * hypotheses * variables * attributes * dependent variable * independent variable * control variable * antecedent variable * intervening variable * qualitative variable * quantitative variable * unit of analysis * ecological fallacy *...
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 920:311 taught by Professor Phillips during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.
- Fall '10