FemaleRepro - Functions of the Female Reproductive System Production of gametes Production of female sex hormones Reception and maintenance of

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Functions of the Female Reproductive System • Production of gametes • Production of female sex hormones • Reception and maintenance of…
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Ovarian Function and Support
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Ovarian Support
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Ovarian Blood Supply • Ovarian arteries • Ovarian veins
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Germinal Epithelium Tunica albuginea Ovarian Surface
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Ovarian Cortex and Medulla
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Ovarian Follicles • Developing oocyte surrounded by one or more layers of supporting cells. • Types: – Primordial – Primary – Secondary – Graafian.
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Primordial Follicles Primary oocyte surrounded by a layer of simple squamous follicle cells
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Primary Follicles Primary oocyte surrounded by simple cuboidal follicle cells (early) or by stratified cuboidal granulosa cells (late).
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Secondary Follicles Similar to a late primary follicle except one or more small fluid-filled spaces appear btwn the granulosa cells.
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Graafian Follicle Contains a huge fluid- filled space known as an antrum. A.k.a. the vesicular follicle
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Uterine Tubes • Initial portion of duct system. • Extends btwn… • Supported by. .. • Receives. .. • Divided into 4 portions: – Fimbriae – Infundibulum – Ampulla – Isthmus.
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• Uterine tube lining is ciliated. Why?
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• Common site of fertilization is the ampulla.
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• Implantation in the uterine tube can cause an ectopic pregnancy.
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Uterus • Receives, retains, nourishes and expels. .. • Anterior to… • Posterosuperior to the…
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• 3 main regions: – Fundus – Body – Cervix. Uterus
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• Anteverted vs. retroverted. Uterus
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• Uterine cavity • Cervical canal • External os • Internal os
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• Cervical glands
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• Supported by the broad ligament, round ligaments, uterosacral ligaments, lateral cervical ligaments, and others.
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• Muscles of the pelvic and urogenital diaphragms provide inferior support.
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• Uterine wall is divided into 3 layers: – Perimetrium – Myometrium – Endometrium.
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2011 for the course LS 101 taught by Professor Abdul during the Spring '11 term at Montgomery College.

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FemaleRepro - Functions of the Female Reproductive System Production of gametes Production of female sex hormones Reception and maintenance of

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