history final study guide

history final study guide - Pan-Germanism: German...

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Pan-Germanism: German nationalist doctrine aiming at the union of all German-speaking peoples under German rule. Pan-Germanists considered that not only the German groups in neighboring countries but even distant German-speaking groups were linked by a blood tie to their fatherland. The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere was which country’s attempt to create an empire? Benito Mussolini: Invades Ethiopia in 1935, after denouncing the Versailles treaty Italian dictator who came to power in 1922 and introduced an authoritarian political system; Fascism. What is the difference between fascism and communism? Communism -A government that puts the group’s interests above the individual. The government that puts the people’s needs (the group, the community, over all else). Fascism -A government that puts the state (or race) above the individual. The government that puts the state above the people. Who are examples of fascist leaders? Nazi Germany; Under Hitler Italy; Under Mussolini Spain; Under Franco Spanish Civil War: 1936: Gen Franco over threw elected government Appeasement The term appeasement is commonly understood to refer to a diplomatic policy aimed at avoiding war by making concessions to another power. 1939 Nazi-Soviet Non-aggression Pact: Stalin trying to buy time for what he knows will happen (Hitler invading) What event triggers World War II? Hitler invades Poland which starts GB and France war on Germany Neutrality Acts (1935, 1936, 1937) 1935 - Imposed an embargo on selling arms to warring countries and declared that Americans traveling on the ships of belligerent nations did so at their own risk. 1936 - Congress banned loans to belligerents 1937 - Imposed a “cash-and-carry” requirement: If a warring country wanted to purchase nonmilitary goods from the United States, it had to pay cash and carry them in its own ships.
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Selective Service Act of 1940 Passed by the Congress of the United States on September 6, 1940 becoming the first peacetime conscription in United States history. This Selective Service Act required that men between the ages 21 and 30 register with local draft boards. The age range was later changed to 18-45. 10 million men; 43,000 conscientious Lend-Lease Act March 1941 The legislation authorized the president to “lease, lend, or otherwise dispose of” arms and other equipment to Britain or any country whose defense was considered vital to the security of the United States. FDR says it’s like loaning a neighbor a hose to put out a fire. It allowed Great Britain to get arms without pay, controversial, congress numbered H.R. 1776 Pearl Harbor attack December 7, 1941: Japan attacked US because of United States oil embargo against Japan. Surprise attack - 8 battleships sank; 2,403 Americans killed. Executive Order #9066
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history final study guide - Pan-Germanism: German...

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