Michael Short Poli Sci 40

Michael Short Poli Sci 40 - PoliSci40 Putnam

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Poli Sci 40 22:10 Putnam Found in southern italy Group meetings created social capital Hence it created social networks This created interpersonal network Had to be responsible because they had to meet again Members look out and protect one another Created Bonding and Bridging Like minded people Also led to reaching out to others and merging social networks Connection wasn’t political and politics that came out of it was simply natural and  unintended Jan 11 th 1. Collective action and coordination Free Riding Tragedy of the commons Prisoners dilemma Choices breed conflict Conflicting interests Conflicting views  Etc Politics: the process of allocating scarce resources
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Who gets what How much Why Political decisions are about collective actions: i.e. who to elect president how much money to spend on national defense etc. The more people involved in the political process, as issues become complex and  divisive. Unstructured negotiation generally fails So what is required in large, divisive groups? Effective formal institutions AKA nations need constitutions as their governing institutions Two particular challenges to successful collective action are Coordination (my efforts with others) The Prisoner’s Dilemma  (individual reward while undermining collectivity Free Rider Taking advantage of other peoples efforts Increases with the size of the group Small: difficult for one member not to participate- product suffers Large: Easier not to participate, but still reap the benefits Fixing free riding Through punishment and effective institutions
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Tragedy of the Commons When something is done too much and depletes something so it goes too far The solution to all collective action problems aligns personal gain with promotion of the  collective good Tie personal interests to public goods provisions Privatize Coordination requires that Each member collectively agrees on what it wants Each contributes to the collective effort But must figure out how to coordinate his or her effort with those of others The prisoners dilemma and game theory Free rider problem and TOTC are parts of a more general collective action problem  called the prisoner’s dilemma Gets it’s name from two co conspirators being held for questioning by police in separate  rooms Rational Choice Game theory is apart of an approach to studying social phenomenon called “rational  Choice” Rational choice requires that individuals have goals (preferences) and they make  decisions to achieve those goals The idea heare is that people make the decisions that efficiently bring about their goal Game Theory: Getting Started Who has decisions to make (players)
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Michael Short Poli Sci 40 - PoliSci40 Putnam

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