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AssistedReproductiveTech

AssistedReproductiveTech - Assisted Reproductive Technology...

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Assisted Reproductive Technology March 23, 2011
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Assisted Reproductive Technology The ASRM defines ART as “All treatments which include laboratory handling of eggs, sperm, and/or embryos.” ART is the penumbral term for medical interventions designed to help infertile or sub- fertile individuals conceive. It does not include what the ASRM describes as conventional treatments such as surgery or the administration of hormones or other medications.
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In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) In IVF, eggs are fertilized in a Petri dish and then transferred directly into a woman’s uterus. Despite its high-profile status, according to the ASRM, IVF only accounts for 5% of infertility treatments in the United States. It does account for 99% of all ART procedures. The ASRM estimates that IVF costs $12,400 on average per cycle in the United States. This varies by region and would not include the added cost of donor eggs or other procedures such as PGD or ICSI .
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Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) IUI involves the placement of processed sperm by catheter into either the uterus or cervix. IUI is most effective for unexplained infertility. IUI outcomes can be difficult predict outcomes as it is used in conjunction with hormones to induce ovulation. These hormones can cause multiple eggs to be the released and can result in high-order multiples. IUI is significantly less expensive than IVF.
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Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) Pronounced “icksy.” Typically used in instances of male-factor infertility. Used with IVF, in ICSI sperm is injected directly into the embryo. Has come under some criticism because the male factor infertility can be genetic. In the event that a male child is born, he may inherit the same male-factor infertility, and be similarly dependent on ART in the future.
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Pre-implantation Genetic diagnosis (PGD) Used in conjunction with IVF. Embryos are fertilized outside the body, and are also subject to rigorous genetic and chromosomal testing.
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