Fentimen%2C+The+_Fetal+Protection_+Wars

Fentimen%2C+The+_Fetal+Protection_+Wars - School of Law...

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School of Law Pace Law Faculty Publications Pace University Year  The “Fetal Protection” Wars: Why America Has Made the Wrong Choice in Addressing Maternal Substance Abuse - A Comparative Legal Analysis Linda C. Fentiman Pace University School of Law, LFentiman@law.pace.edu This paper is posted at DigitalCommons@Pace. http://digitalcommons.pace.edu/lawfaculty/479
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Addressing Maternal Substance Abuse - A Comparative Legal Analysis INTRODUCTION …………………………………………………………………. ..…. . I. Two Decades of Prosecuting Pregnant American Women………………………… A. The Risks of Maternal Drug Use……………………………………………. . B. The First Wave of Criminal Prosecutions…………………………………. .... C. The Current Wave of Prosecutions…………………………………………. ... 1. Homicide Prosecutions………………………………………………… 2. New Child Abuse and Child Endangerment Prosecutions………. ..... 3. Summary Observations………………………………………………… II. How American Law Promotes the Fetus as a Separate Legal Entity……………. . The Need for Different Priorities to Protect Children…………………………. . III. Other Nations’ Approach to Fetal Protection and Child Health………………. . A. Canada………………………………………………………………………… 1. The Legal Framework Regarding Fetuses……………………………. .... a. The Criminal Law ……………………………………………………… b. Tort Liability and Civil Commitment…………………………………. c. Abortion Law…………………………………………………………… d. Assisted Reproductive Technology…………………………………… 2. Health Care Access……………………………………………………… 3. Social and Economic Support for Children and their Families………. B. France…………………………………………………………………………. 1. The Legal Framework Regarding Fetuses……………………………… a. Introduction………………………………………………………. ..… b. Criminal Law…………………………………………………………. (1.) Homicide Prosecutions………………………………………… (2.) Prosecutions for Other Fetal Harm……………………………. c. Civil Protection of the Embryo and Fetus…………………………… (1.) Assisted Reproductive Technology……………………………. (2). Patients’ Right to Refuse Unwanted Medical Treatment ……. (3) Civil Actions for Causing Harm in Utero………………………. 1
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Fentimen%2C+The+_Fetal+Protection_+Wars - School of Law...

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