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Unformatted text preview: toward the inside of the protein, while hydrophilic R groups clump toward the outside of the protein. Additional three-dimensional shaping occurs when the amino acid cysteine bonds to another cysteine across a disulfide bond. This causes the protein to twist around the bond (Figure 6). The quaternary structure describes a protein that is assembled from two or more separate peptide chains. The protein hemoglobin, for example, consists of four peptide chains that are held together by hydrogen bonding, interactions among R groups, and disulfide bonds. Figure 6. Disulfide bonds can dictate a protein's structure....
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- Spring '10