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Unformatted text preview: Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) The chemical substance that serves as the currency of energy in a cell is adenosine triphosphate (ATP). ATP is referred to as currency because it can be spent in order to make chemical reactions occur. The more energy required for a chemical reaction, the more ATP molecules must be spent. Virtually all forms of life use ATP, a nearly universal molecule of energy transfer. The energy released during catabolic reactions is stored in ATP molecules. In addition, the energy trapped in anabolic reactions (such as photosynthesis) is trapped in ATP molecules. An ATP molecule consists of three parts. One part is a double ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms called adenine. Attached to the adenine molecule is a small five-carbon carbohydrate called ribose. Attached to the ribose molecule are three phosphate units linked together by covalent bonds. Attached to the ribose molecule are three phosphate units linked together by covalent bonds....
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Pesthy during the Fall '07 term at Texas State.
- Fall '07