Organic Compounds

Organic Compounds - Organic Compounds

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Organic Compounds The chemical compounds of living things are known as  organic compounds  because of their  association with organisms. Organic compounds, which are the compounds associated with life  processes, are the subject matter of organic chemistry. Among the numerous types of organic  compounds, four major categories are found in all living things: carbohydrates, lipids, protein, and  nucleic acids.  Carbohydrates Almost all organisms use carbohydrates as sources of energy. In addition, some carbohydrates  serve as structural materials. Carbohydrates are molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and  oxygen; the ratio of hydrogen atoms to oxygen atoms is 2:1. Simple carbohydrates, commonly referred to as  sugars , can be  monosaccharides  if they are  composed of single molecules, or  disaccharides  if they are composed of two molecules. The most  important monosaccharide is 
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Pesthy during the Fall '07 term at Texas State.

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