The organelle that releases quantities of energy to form ATP

The organelle that releases quantities of energy to form...

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The organelle that releases quantities of energy to form ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is  the mitochondrion (the plural form is  mitochondria ). Because mitochondria are involved  in energy release and storage, they are called the “powerhouses of the cells.”  Green plant cells contain organelles known as chloroplasts, which function in the  process of photosynthesis. Within chloroplasts, energy from the sun is absorbed and  transformed into the energy of carbohydrate molecules. Plant cells specialized for  photosynthesis contain large numbers of chloroplasts, which are green because the  chlorophyll pigments within the chloroplasts are green. Leaves of a plant contain  numerous chloroplasts. Plant cells not specializing in photosynthesis (for example, root  cells) have few chloroplasts and are not green.  An organelle found in mature plant cells is a large, fluid-filled central vacuole. The 
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Pesthy during the Fall '07 term at Texas State.

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