Anthro Term Paper - ANTH 360 Four Professors and Some...

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ANTH 360 Four Professors and Some Research Bashing Krista Ammons Four Professors and Some Research Bashing Abstract: This article is a discussion of scholarly arguments that examine reproductive interests by Paleoindians when colonizing the Americas. Anderson and Gillam’s (2000) as well as Moore and Moseley’s (2001) separate opinions are compared to critique the relevance for the use of the Leap-Frog model and the String-of-Pearls model in determining how foragers were successful at maintaining a viable reproducing population and assessing New World Colonization routes. Ethnography as well as fissioning is used to show evidence on the rapid expansion and social capabilities of the bands of Paleoindians throughout the Americas. How the colonization of the New World occurred has been a topic of scrutiny since archeology began. David Anderson and Christopher Gillam’s article “Paleoindian colonization of the Americas: Implications from an Examination of Physiographic, Demography, and artifact distribution” is written to “suggest routes, rates, and reasons for the initial population dispersal, that is, to explore the process of how the New World colonization occurred” (Anderson and Gillam 2000:43). Anderson and Gillam use “GIS- based, least-cost analyses employing continental scale elevation data, coupled with information on the late glacial location of ice sheets and pluvial lakes… routes, demographic evidence, and the location of Paleoindian archaeological 1
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ANTH 360 Four Professors and Some Research Bashing Krista Ammons assemblages, (to) support the possibility of a rapid spread and diversification of founding populations” (2000:43) thus providing different examples through the use of models inevitably showing how quickly the distribution of the Paleoindians and their diversification quite possibly could have unfolded throughout the New World. Anderson and Gillam use the Leap-frog model as well as the String-of-Pearls model to indicate how bands of Paleoindians moved about the Americas and were successful at maintaining a viable reproductive population. John Moore and Michael Moseley (2001) present a commentary article, “How Many Frogs does it take to leap around the America’s?” and come to be persuaded by their own lack of research that Anderson and Gillam are “speculating about leap-frogging and fissioning during the colonization of the Americas to be based on premises that are at the least non-specific and at worst terribly naïve concerning social structure of
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Anthro Term Paper - ANTH 360 Four Professors and Some...

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