Bentley29-31 - Bentley 29 Enlightenment ideas brought forth...

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Bentley 29 Enlightenment ideas brought forth the movement for popular sovereignty, which challenged the monarchy in Europe and wanted to give individuals the power to choose who governed them. Individual freedoms like free speech and religion, and equality came about with the Enlightenment ideas. These ideas were evident not only in Europe but also in North America. Britain increased taxes in the colonies, which led to rebellion. The colonists sought independence, so they formed the Continental Congress and wrote the Declaration of Independence. The Peace of Paris ended the Revolutionary War and gave the United States of America its independence. The new country then wrote the Constitution, giving citizens freedom of speech, press, and religion as well as other civil rights. A revolution also took place in France; the French established the National Assembly to completely reform the old government. Revolutionaries also established the Convention, a legislative body that liked to use the guillotine. The Directory was established next, but it did not fix the problems of the revolution. Napoleon brought
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2011 for the course HISTORY 262 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of Tennessee.

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Bentley29-31 - Bentley 29 Enlightenment ideas brought forth...

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