bentley3233 - Summary, Bentley 32-33 Bentley 32 The chapter...

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Summary, Bentley 32-33 Bentley 32 The chapter begins with the decline of the Ottoman Empire. This decline came from defeated military, the loss of land, economic dependency on foreign money, and capitulations. The Ottoman rulers attempted to save the empire through reforms. Muhamud II brought back the traditional military and established a transition school for boys from mosque schools. Tanzimat reformers also focused on military improvements but also wanted to remove capitulation laws. The main source of opposition to the reforms was the Young Turks. As the Young Turks became educated, they realized that the political system with a sultan in power did not work. The Young Turks called for equality, voting rights, free education and religion, and even women’s’ rights. Russia tried to establish a protectorate over the Ottoman Empire, and that protectorate led to the Crimean War (which Russia lost). The most important facet of the reform in Russia was the emancipation of serfs. Along with reformation came industrialization, with Count
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bentley3233 - Summary, Bentley 32-33 Bentley 32 The chapter...

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