aesar - d. no ideology, but ideals and values: compulsory...

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aesar's heir: Augustus I. Caesar's successor - Stage I: A Bloody Civil War Octavian (born 63 B.C.), divi filius Second Triumvirate, 43 B.C. ( Mark Antony , Octavian , Lepidus ) Philippi (42 B.C.); against Sextus Pompey (Naulochos, 36 B.C.) and Antony and Cleopatra ( Actium , 31 B.C.); Maecenas , Agrippa , Livia II. Stage II: Augustus and the restoration of the res publica a. return to constitutional and legal government in 27 B.C.; Augustus (cf. aug-, Augur); his alternatives b. deemphasis of authoritarianism: auctoritas, princeps, libertas ( se-curitas ), pater patriae ; the jaundice of our (senatorial) sources ( Tacitus , 2nd half of 1st cent. A.D.) c. transforming and transactional leadership (cf. James MacGregor Burns, Transforming Leadership , 2004)
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Unformatted text preview: d. no ideology, but ideals and values: compulsory marriage laws; laws against legacy hunting and adultery; Lucretia again e. the pax Augusta : parta victoriis pax ("peace is born from victories") foreign policy and provinces; the Parthians f. recasting the Golden Age : unceasing effort, not paradise III. Augustan art and architecture - a new synthesis a. simplicity of form; moral dimension (vs. previous architectural excesses, e.g., Sulla's Temple of Fortuna at Praeneste ) b. complexity of associations and references; "images to reflect on" c. buildings: Temple of Divus Julius ; Forum of Augustus (Temple of Mars the Avenger); Pont du Gard (aqueduct); Maison Carre (Temple in Nimes, France); Circus Maximus...
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