Early Christianity in its Roman Context

Early Christianity in its Roman Context - Early...

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Early Christianity in its Roman Context From Lect. 17 : the finale of the "Good" Emperors I. Christianity and pagan antiquity: the general perspective; the pagan/Christian symbiosis: catacomb paintings , Justin Martyr (2nd cent. A.D.) and the Platonic logos II. Factors contributing to the rise A. unified empire; oikumené B. Greek language; koiné ; Vulgate , St. Jerome (A.D. 348-420) C. St. Paul from Tarsus D. economic crisis and political instability in the 3rd cent. A.D. III The religious atmosphere in the principate 1) no religious wars, but tolerance and syncretism (cf. Pantheon and Amy Chua's chapter in the Course Packet, pp. 193-222). 2) the organization of the early church - a parallel universe to the empire: presbyters,deacons, episkopoi , metropolitans, pontifex maximus in Rome 3) Some reasons for persecution A. emperor worship and state cults; Christ vs. Antichrist B. illegal organization C. misunderstandings of doctrine, agapé vs. eros -- Agapé today D. Christian supremacy claims vs. religious pluralism and toleration
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Early Christianity in its Roman Context - Early...

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