HOW AND WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT THE ROMANS

HOW AND WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT THE ROMANS - III. Sources and...

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HOW AND WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT THE ROMANS I. Some modern perspectives A. Rome and America; Pax Romana and Pax Americana ; some other identifications America/Rome: Founders' (e.g. Jefferson ) admiration of Roman Republic (509-31 B.C.) vs. decadent Empire (31 B.C. - A.D. 476) Constitution: checks and balances, veto arena spectacles; Colosseum (note spelling) B. Differences: mos maiorum [mores of the majors, i.e. elders) vs. progress; life expectancy; technology; long-term vs. short-term perspectives C. The Romantic view: creative Greeks and Roman "imitators"; Greek and Roman temples D. The Romans as Stoics and decadents E. Rome as a melting pot; ecumenical [from oikumene ]; peculium - peculiar F. Antiquity as inspiration: classicizing architecture, e.g. Disney HQ II. The tasks of the historian A. Documentation; modern vs. ancient B. Interpretation; revisionism (cf. historians on U.S. Presidents)
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Unformatted text preview: III. Sources and evidence A. Literary: Greek and Roman historians, e.g. Plutarch (c. A.D. 50-120); his sources: 1. Official documents, e.g. Annales Maximi ["Greatest Annals"; from annus = year; cf. annual]; Gallic sack of Rome (390 B.C.) 2. Family archives and historians; their biases 3. Early Greek and Roman historians; their limitations B. Auxiliary disciplines 1. Archaeology ; UT's excavations at Metaponto (southern Italy), Crimea (Ukraine), and Pylos (Greece); Institute of Nautical Archaeology at A&M 2. Inscriptions (epigraphy); lapidary 3. Coins (numismatics): EID MAR = Ides of March ; but who looks at coins and bills: Annuit Coeptis , Novus Ordo Seclorum IV. Conclusion: how to use and interpret this evidence; cultural history vs. political and institutional history...
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