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Roman Myths and the Roman National Character

Roman Myths and the Roman National Character - A early life...

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Roman Myths and the Roman National Character; Rome's takeover of Italy Continued from Lect. 3: characteristics and functions of myth ( see there ) I. Roman virtues: cf. Livy (in Course Packet, pp. 26 - 31): Horatius, Mucius, Cloelia , Manlius images 1-7 1. virtus ( vir ) - military and civil 2. pietas ; NOT "piety" but connoting duty, respect, responsibility, obligation; opposite: me-ism 3. industria 4. gravitas 5. constantia 6. severitas II. The presumed Roman traditionalist: Cato the Elder (234-149 B. C.); Course Packet, pp. 73 - 89 Full name: Marcus Porcius Cato concentrate on: what makes Cato an exemplar of Roman virtues and values (e.g., pp. 123-4, 127-8, 133-4 [original page numbers])
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Unformatted text preview: A. early life; Fabius Maximus B. Cato the Censor (184-179 B.C.), pp. 136-140; sumptuary legislation C. Cato's flexibility; basilica (p. 140; images 8-14) and other episodes (pp. 130, 146-8) III. The Roman Expansion in Italy A. Various factors, e.g., no primogeniture ; bellum pium et iustum; military tactics: phalanx (clip from Alexander , 2004) vs. maniple B. main stages of conquest: Latin League (dissolved in 338 B.C.); 295 B.C.: battle at Sentinum (northern Italy) against Etruscans and Gauls; 281-272 B.C.: war against Pyrrhus ( Pyrrhic victory ); images 15-18 C. governing the conquered: divide and rule; ius commercii, ius conubii...
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