VanLaningham et al reading guide-1

VanLaningham et al reading guide-1 - between cohort groups...

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Reading Guide SOC 308 Professor Kristen Lee VanLaningham, Jody, David R. Johnson, and Paul Amato. 2001. “Marital Happiness, Marital Duration, and the U-Shaped Curve: Evidence from a Five-Wave Panel Study.” Social Forces 78(4): 1313-1341. 1. Definitions a. Nonprobability sample: usually a small, qualitative study in which the sample studied is not representative of a larger population. Results, therefore, cannot necessarily be generalized to the population. b. Marriage cohort: all the people married in a single year (or group of years) c. Period effect: an event or social phenomenon that affects people of all ages at the same time. Declines in men’s wages, increased female labor force participation, and changing gender roles could all have impacts on the marital happiness of all marriage cohorts and therefore could be considered as contributing to period effects. d. Intercohort differences and cohort effects: differences
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Unformatted text preview: between cohort groups. These could be birth cohort groups, marriage cohort groups, etc… In the context of this article, cohort effects are differences between different cohort groupings . In regard to birth cohort effects, it is social change caused by the replacement of members of earlier born cohorts by members of later-born cohorts in the population. 2. Questions to consider a. What are some of the problems with/shortcomings of previous studies of marital happiness according to the authors? b. What are some explanations of the early decline in marital happiness? c. What do the family role and structure models predict about changes in marital happiness over time? d. What do they find is the relationship between marital happiness and marital duration? e. How do children impact marital happiness in their study? f. How do they explain the U-shaped relationship found in cross-sectional studies?...
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course SOC 308 taught by Professor Lee during the Fall '11 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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