Americas, Africa, Atlantic slides

Americas, Africa, Atlantic slides - Traveling Across the...

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Unformatted text preview: Traveling Across the Atlantic: Traveling Across the Atlantic: Africa & America 1530­1700 Chapters 18 & 19 Recap of World Civ I: Recap of World Civ I: • Maritime Explosion • European Explorers Invade What is Genocide? What is Genocide? Genocide is: Genocide is: • The deliberate and systematic destruction of a racial, political, or cultural group • WRITE DOWN & LEARN this definition Learn this… Learn this… How were the Europeans able to conquer Native Americans? A) Gun powder weapons B) Disease C) Faulty treaties D) All of the Above The Answer is… The Answer is… • D = all of the above DISEASE DISEASE Chill Dude, Chill Dude, It’s Just the Flu! Really? But think about it in terms of today…. • Native American exposure to unknown viruses • Measles, mumps, bubonic & pneumonic plague, influenza, typhus • How can we relate to that today? Small Pox Small Pox What is it? What is it? • Virus • Fever, chills, nausea, • • • • pains, convulsions, delirium Internal bleeding Rash & pustules Most likely­ death Highly contagious The Effects of Disease on The Effects of Disease on Native America: • Epidemics responsible for Native American decline in the 16th century • Possibly a 98% population loss! • Biological Warfare Which of the following Statements is Which of the following Statements false? A) Scholars estimate that the Native American population B) C) D) declined by as much as 70­98% due to the introduction of European diseases There is no evidence that Europeans fought biological war with the Native populations of North America By the 17th century, the Spanish & French colonizers tried to preserve indigenous populations b/c indigenous peoples were crucial to their economic & missionary activities The deaths of prominent indigenous leaders contributed to European conquest The Answer is: The Answer is: B) There is no evidence that Europeans fought biological war with the Native populations of North America Colonial Economies: Colonial Economies: The Spanish> • Central & South America • Dependant on Spanish Gov. • Silver • Sugar • Rum Colonial Economies: Colonial Economies: British & French> • North America • Variety of commercial activities • Formation of companies • Fur trade • Missionary activity Slave Trade Slave Trade Middle Passage Middle Passage Great Circuit or Triangle Trade Great Circuit or Triangle Trade The Americas were built on the The Americas were built on the backs of African Slaves How many Africans? How many Africans? • 15 million imported • Every slave imported represented on average 5 corpses in Africa or the high seas The Atlantic Slave The Atlantic Slave Trade Meant the Elimination of at least 60 Million Africans Stats & Facts about the Stats & Facts about the Atlantic Slave Trade • Between 1500 and 1750 the slave trade was the largest employer in Holland and Portugal. • Lloyds of London could not have become one of the biggest finance capital forces in the world without the slave trade. • The demand for fast, bigger slave ships was central to the European development of hydrodynamics • The 18th century founders of Brown University got their wealth by manufacturing and selling slave ships as well as investing in the slave trade. • New York’s Wall Street became a financial center because it was one of the principle slave trading ports in America. • Slave traders eventually had to travel was necessary to go about 18 days’ journey inland before finding a village. • Near slave markets in Africa the dead and the dying were thrown on the ground in a pile. Hyenas, very numerous, gorged on the flesh of dead and living humans. • Many historians link African famines not to drought, or locust, or any other natural disaster but to the disintegration of traditional farming lands and methods during the height of slave trade years. • Captains running short of water would often order hundreds of African captives to be thrown overboard • The size and practices of Atlantic sharks changed dramatically. The number of sharks increased and they abandoned their migratory practices in order to follow slave ships. • Ironically Africans were brought to America on ships called Brotherhood, John the Baptist, Justice and Integrity, Gift of God, Liberty, Jesus, and Freedom. • One slave captain wrote on day in his ship’s log about all the cruel ways they would keep the slaves in line, and the disgusting feces, blood, and disease in the overcrowded hulls. He was not ashamed; he was just “documenting” the passage. Then in a different log entry he wrote about desperate slaves who would try to commit suicide and, “showed no concern for life.” • Today’s descendants of African slaves are more susceptible to salt sensitive hypertension than those African and Europeans of non­slave descent. Learn this… Learn this… Which of the following statements about the Atlantic slave trade is true? A) Many historians link African famines not to drought, or locust, or any other natural disaster but to the disintegration of traditional farming lands and methods during the Atlantic Slave Trade B) Most Africans who came to “the new world” were from the East coast of Africa. C) Islamic slave trade of Africans was much larger than the European slave trade of Africans. D) There were no African slave traders. The Answer is… The Answer is… A) Many historians link African famines not to drought, or locust, or any other natural disaster but to the disintegration of traditional farming lands and methods during the Atlantic Slave Trade The Columbian Exchange The Columbian Exchange • Transfer of peoples, • animals, plants, technologies, and diseases between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus’s voyage (1492) Historic Globalization Things from Africa & Asia: Things from Africa & Asia: • • • • Rice Bananas Coconuts Breadfruit • • • • Sugar cane Okra Peas Millet Europeans Brought… Europeans Brought… • • • • • Cattle Pigs Horse Sheep Guns From the Americas… From the Americas… • • • • • • Maize Potatoes Beans Squash Tomatoes Sweet Potatoes • • • • • • • Peanuts Chilies Chocolate Plant Dyes Plant Medications Tobacco Cassava ~The End~ ~The End~ ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course UGC 112 taught by Professor Barry during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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