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Unformatted text preview: European European Transformations
15001750 Major Technological Advancements:
Major Technological Advancements:
►Printing ►Firearms Religious Strife
Religious Strife 1. THE REFORMATION
1. THE REFORMATION Martin Luther…King?
Martin Luther…King? MLK Day January 17, 2011 Not that Martin Luther!
Not that Martin Luther!
► Martin Luther (German)
► Reformation of “The Church” ► (What we now know has the Roman Catholic Church)
► Dogma Reformation
► Calvinism ► Church of England ► Counter Reformation Witch Hunts
Witch Hunts 2. Scientific Revolution
2. Scientific Revolution
Galileo's moon paintings ► When Galileo Galilei (1564
1642) published the results of his telescopic observations of the moon, he added these paintings to illustrate the marvels he'd seen. Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Florence/
Art Resource, NY Scientists:
► Copernicus (Polish)
► Kepler (German)
► Galileo ► Newton Changing Role of God and Religion 3. Enlightenment
3. Enlightenment “No opinion is worth burning your neighbor for.” Enlightenment
► In reaction to Religious War, Witch Hunts, “Nobel Savages”
► The Scientific Revolution provided a reasonable and rational model to challenge social conventions Social & Economic Change Social & Economic Change Bourgeoisie
► In early modern Europe the class of welloff town dwellers
► Wealth came from manufacturing, finance, commerce, and allied professions
Painting Hendrick Sorgh, Vegetable Market Environmental Problems
►Little Ice Age (15901690) Starvation warded off by new Starvation warded off by new crops…
► Corn ► Manioc (cassava, yucca) Women’s Roles
► Married late ► Women’s status tied to husband’s ► Crimes against women
► Only upper class women had access to learning situations Political Change
Political Change Goal of Rulers = Centralization
Goal of Rulers = Centralization
► Charles V (Austria)
► Philip II (Spain) \
► Bourbon Kings (France) Philip II by Alonso Sanchez Coello Henry VIII
► Created the Church of England (1533) This portrait of Henry VIII, painted by Hans Holbein the Younger in 1540 War is Expensive
War is Expensive ► How were European nations going to pay for war and establish themselves as the most powerful? Colonization
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course UGC 112 taught by Professor Barry during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Buffalo.
- Spring '08