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Unformatted text preview: 1. Introduction to Myth: Mythos Greek word for story (not necessarily true or false) Mythography collecting myths and writing them down (very few actually written) Mythology the study of myths General types of analysis of myths:-Rationalizing (Euhemerus, Euhermerism) Tried to figure out the actual events (no actual nine headed monsters)-Allegories Physical: Replacing elements in the story Ethical: you stole the blanket, you got killed, dont steal blankets Spiritual: stories trying to explain God, souls, etc.-Context-driven Historical Anthropological: how do humans behave Sociological: what is the red stick? [Primitive people needed to make stories/myths in an effort to understand what was going on in their world. Humans are the only beings with a need to understand things; a dog doesnt think why me??. Primitive people, when scared, hurt, depressed, created myths to explain their pain or discomfort.] [All cultures make myths in their early development.] [Around 1200 B.C., ancient Greeks began to take written history and to make rational and logical stories. Myth-making came to an end once this began.] [Myths illustrate the truth, much as Jesus did in his parables. He did not give an exact point, but told a story that showed what he meant. Myths may not tell the literal truth, but they illustrate human nature and human experience.] Theories: Max Mller (1823-1900) o Concluded that all ancient myths are about nature and natural phenomenon o Example: farming and crops Carl Jung (1875-1961) o Myths narrate stories about archetypes in the collective unconscious o Collective Unconscious that all humans are born with these same ideas in their brains, lying deep and unconscious. He said that myths explore these deep ideas of the collective unconscious. o [Noted that same kinds of myths turn up in all different cultures, such as each culture having their own version of the Great Flood.] Claude Levi-Strauss (1908-today) o [Research on human brain, that different sides were responsible for different functions.] o Noted that the body is binary (2 arms, 2 ears, 2 legs) and says that we think in pairs with ideas (on & off, right & wrong, good & evil, yes & no). They are pairs of opposites in conflict with each other. o Myths are about resolving binary conflict structuralism o Structuralism: structure the world (one side up and one side down) o Levi-Strauss says that mans entire experience is based on conflict, and that myths present the conflicts, then resolve them within the story. [The 20 th century was in ways spent examining and interpreting the ideas of the 19 th century. Despite technological strides, it has been said that no ideas came from the 20 th century. For example, 20 th century scholars spent their lives working on the 19 th century ideas of Darwin, Marx and Freud.] Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) o All human nature is driven by sex. Freud started psychotherapy....
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