MUGISHA_DIMACS_WORKSHOP

MUGISHA_DIMACS_WORKSHOP -...

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Friday 11 November 2011 Department of Mathematics, www.math.ac.ug 1  Some perspectives of dynamics of leishmaniasis  infection in poor nations by + *Biomathematics  Group, Makerere University +University of Khartoum, Faculty of Mathematical Sciences A paper presented at  DIMACS Workshop on Economic epidemiology,  Makerere University,   3 – 5 August, 2009
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Friday 11 November 2011 Department of Mathematics, www.math.ac.ug 2 What is Leishmaniasis parasitic disease  Transmitted by a bite  of the infected female sand fly, that is  usually infected with one species of  Leishmania About 30 species of sand flies can  become infected when taking a blood  meal from a reserviour host.  Most of the leshmaniasises are zoonotic  (transmitted from to human from animals  esp. dogs)  The human becomes a sole reservoir if  the transmission is anthroponotic
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Friday 11 November 2011 Department of Mathematics, www.math.ac.ug 3 Forms of the disease Visceral leishmaniasis, (also known as kala-azar) the most  severe form in which the parasites migrate to vital organs, and  potentially fatal if un treated Cutaneous leishmaniasis, the most common form which  causes a sore on the site of bite which heals in few months to a  year leaving unpleasant scar Diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis that produces wide spread  skin lesions (similar to leprosy) and very difficult to treat, never  heals spontaneously and tends to relapse after treatment Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis that starts with an ulcer which  spreads causing tissue damage esp. nose, mouth There is also the Post-kala- azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL)  that is an illness condition got after cutaneous (with  depigmented eruptions mainly on the face, arms, feet, upper  part of the trunk etc) 
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Friday 11 November 2011 Department of Mathematics, www.math.ac.ug 4 Symptoms-V Leishmaniasis In children Vomiting, Diarrhea, Fever, Cough In adults Fever for 2 weeks to 2 months, along  with fatigue, Weakness, Night sweats,  Weight loss etc…
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Friday 11 November 2011 Department of Mathematics, www.math.ac.ug 5 Symptoms-C Leishmaniasis Skin sores Skin ulcer Erosion of tissue on the mouth,  tongue, gums, lips, nose and inner  nose Swallowing difficulty Stuffy nose, runny nose,  nosebleeds  
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Friday 11 November 2011 Department of Mathematics, www.math.ac.ug 6 The disease The disease begins as an  erythematous papule at the site of the  sand fly bite on exposed parts of the 
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MUGISHA_DIMACS_WORKSHOP -...

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