NMP_Learning_Processes__Boykin

NMP_Learning_Process - MSP Regional Conference MSP Learning Processes National Math Panel and Beyond A.WadeBoykin,Ph.D HowardUniversity

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MSP Regional Conference MSP Regional Conference Learning Processes Learning Processes National Math Panel and Beyond National Math Panel and Beyond A. Wade Boykin, Ph.D. Howard University January 6, 2009
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2 Learning Processes Scientific Knowledge on Learning and Cognition Needs to be Applied to the Classroom to Improve Student Achievement: Most children develop considerable knowledge of mathematics before they begin kindergarten. Children from families with low incomes, low levels of parental education, and single parents often have less mathematical knowledge when they begin school than do children from more advantaged backgrounds. This can hinder their learning for years to come. There are promising interventions to improve the mathematical knowledge of these young children before they enter kindergarten.
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3 To prepare students for Algebra, the curriculum must simultaneously develop conceptual understanding, computational fluency, factual knowledge and problem solving skills. Limitations in the ability to keep many things in mind (working-memory) can hinder mathematics performance. - Practice can offset this through automatic recall, which results in less information to keep in mind and frees attention for new aspects of material at hand. - Learning is most effective when practice is combined with instruction on related concepts. - Conceptual understanding promotes transfer of learning to new problems and better long-term retention. Learning Processes
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4 Learning Processes Children’s goals and beliefs about learning are related to their mathematics performance. Children’s beliefs about the relative importance of effort and ability can be changed. Experiential studies have demonstrated that changing children’s beliefs from a focus on ability to a focus on effort increases their engagement in mathematics learning, which in turn improves mathematics outcomes.
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Engagement and sense of efficacy for Black and Hispanic students can be increased in mathematical learning contexts. Teachers and other educational leaders should consistently help students and parents understand that an increased emphasis on the importance of effort is related to improved mathematics grades. Learning Processes 5
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8 th Grade Mathematics 2005 2005 average main NAEP mathematics scores for eighth graders by race and parents’ highest level of education Race Parent Education Level Did not finish H.S. Graduated H.S. Some Ed. After H.S. Graduated
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course MATH 112 taught by Professor Jarvis during the Winter '08 term at BYU.

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NMP_Learning_Process - MSP Regional Conference MSP Learning Processes National Math Panel and Beyond A.WadeBoykin,Ph.D HowardUniversity

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