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MSP Regional Conference
MSP Regional Conference
Learning Processes
Learning Processes
National Math Panel and Beyond
National Math Panel and Beyond
A. Wade Boykin, Ph.D.
Howard University
January 6, 2009
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Learning Processes
Scientific Knowledge on Learning and Cognition Needs
to be Applied to the Classroom to Improve Student
Achievement:
•
Most children develop considerable knowledge of
mathematics before they begin kindergarten.
•
Children from families with low incomes, low levels of
parental education, and single parents often have less
mathematical knowledge when they begin school than do
children from more advantaged backgrounds. This can
hinder their learning for years to come.
•
There are promising interventions to improve the
mathematical knowledge of these young children before
they enter kindergarten.
3
•
To prepare students for Algebra, the curriculum must
simultaneously develop conceptual understanding,
computational fluency, factual knowledge and problem
solving skills.
•
Limitations in the ability to keep many things in mind
(workingmemory) can hinder mathematics performance.

Practice can offset
this through automatic recall, which
results in less information to keep in mind and frees
attention for new aspects of material at hand.

Learning is most effective when practice is combined
with instruction on related concepts.

Conceptual understanding promotes transfer of learning
to new problems and better longterm retention.
Learning Processes
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Learning Processes
Children’s goals and beliefs about learning are related to
their mathematics performance.
•
Children’s beliefs about the relative importance of effort
and ability can be changed.
•
Experiential studies have demonstrated that changing
children’s beliefs from a focus on ability to a focus on
effort increases their engagement in mathematics
learning, which in turn improves mathematics outcomes.
•
Engagement and sense of efficacy for Black and Hispanic
students can be increased in mathematical learning
contexts.
•
Teachers and other educational leaders should consistently
help students and parents understand that an increased
emphasis on the importance of effort is related to improved
mathematics grades.
Learning Processes
5
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th
Grade Mathematics 2005
2005 average main NAEP mathematics scores for eighth graders by race
and parents’ highest level of education
Race
Parent Education Level
Did not finish
H.S.
Graduated H.S.
Some Ed. After
H.S.
Graduated
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course MATH 112 taught by Professor Jarvis during the Winter '08 term at BYU.
 Winter '08
 JARVIS
 Math

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