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# plymouth - Students in higher education with mathematical...

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Students in higher education with mathematical difficulties: The scope & nature of the problems & implications for support  J Boyle, M Dunlop, D Finn, M Mattey,  C Spickett, I Tulloch & J Wilson University of Strathclyde, Glasgow

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Students in higher education  with mathematical difficulties Background Difficulties in mathematics Dyscalculia or mathematics disorder Common problems Prevelance of dyscalculia Support Recognition of the need for support Compensatory support What's missing? Strathclyde dyscalculia project Aims and programme Mathematical demands BCalc Evaluation Future directions of research Conclusion:  two conflicting viewpoints
Difficulties in Mathematics Concern about standards of attainment in mathematics Reason for apparent fall in standards is unclear  Class size; calculators; lack of ‘drill and practice’; class  organisation; teaching methods; individual maths schemes  Anxiety about mathematics, lack of experience and poor  motivation Sub-set of those experiencing difficulties in mathematics will  have problems resulting from dyscalculia…

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Dyscalculia or ‘Mathematics Disorder’ o Mathematical ability, as measured by individually  administered standardized tests, is substantially below that  expected given the person’s chronological age, measured  intelligence, and age-appropriate education. o Developmental… and Acquired o Underlying causes Genetic  Neurological  Cognitive
Dyscalculia: Common Problems Counting – reciting the number words in the correct order and  being able to count a number of objects Reading and writing numerals – being able to understand that a  number is a symbol that represents a value Number seriation – placing numbers in order of size Number facts – being able to understand that 2+2=4 or 7x10 =70 Numerical procedures – counting on to add, borrowing and  carrying to subtract Principles, concepts and laws of arithmetic – Telling the time and judging elapsed time

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