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Snowbirdshortdavies - Distance learning, the Distance web...

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Unformatted text preview: Distance learning, the Distance web and the United States Open University University Gordon Davies Open University g.davies@open.ac.uk computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Why distance Why Learning? Learning? ‘The United States will always do the right thing having exhausted all other possibilities’ Winston Churchill computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING The Open University Total number of students in 1999 (worldwide): – undergraduate – postgraduate computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING 130,000 32,000 The Open University • • • • 300+ courses average cost of a degree £3500 66% of students between 25 - 45 half of the courses use IT to enhance teaching computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING How do you measure How quality? quality? • • • • • • Curriculum Teaching and learning Student progression Student support Learning resources Quality assurance computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING General Engineering • • • • • • Curriculum Teaching and learning Student progression Student support Learning resources Quality assurance Total 24/24 computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 Percentage of departments Percentage rated 'excellent' or scoring at least 22 points out of 24. least Premier League First Division Cambridge 94.7 St Andrews 57.9 York 84.6 Open University 58.3 Imperial 83.3 Oxford 80.0 LSE 77.8 Nottingham 64.0 Durham 65.2 University College, London 63.6 Warwick 62.5 Lancaster 60.0 Loughborough 60.0 computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING OU Research • 1500 PhD students • 10,000 Masters students • ranked 29th in UK universities for research computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Distance learning works • OU education costs significantly less than its equivalent in full-time higher education elsewhere. Typical OU funding costs are 45% to 60% of full-time higher education. computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Why is the OU Successful? • • • • • • political commitment high quality teaching materials student support academic credibility research infrastructure computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING High Quality High Teaching Materials Teaching • courses created by course teams • assessment created annually by course teams • may include: – text – books – video – TV broadcast – audio computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING – – – – – radio broadcast home experiment kits software conferencing CD-ROM High Quality High Teaching Materials Teaching The Internet is a delivery medium for some components. computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Student Support • 7,500 associate faculty • comment on and mark assignments • tutorials at 235 study centres • phone and e-mail support • electronic assignments • on-screen marking computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Use of the Web • consider the roles the student plays • web site as a learning assistant, but: • learning is best done away from a screen computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Web based courses three examples • M206: Computing: an Object oriented approach – 4,500 students in 1999 • M301:Software Systems and their Development – 2000 students in 2000 • T171 You, your computer and the net – 12,000 students in 2000 computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING M206: M206: Media used in this course Media —printed text (53) In principle, all have equal status —course book (1) —broadcast television (11) —Smalltalk Learning Book (1000) —interactive CD-ROM (3) —Network technology: the Web (1000) + conferencing (>1500) computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Use of media • if it moves, use the web site • if it doesn’t……. • use as a delivery medium computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Use of web • Web pages to read – news – lists – TV notes • Web pages to print – assignments – use pdf files • And designed accordingly computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Creating a new Creating university university • United States Open University opens in 2000 • uses UKOU materials • uses electronic communication from the outset computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING United States Open United University University Target • the Community College leaver • professional development computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING United States Open United University University • Offer two Computing programs • BS in Computing • MS in Computing • Plus Humanities, IT and Business computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Associate Faculty • Essential contributors to quality of programs • must be good teachers • integrate with permanent staff • involve in faculty business • eventually involve in course adaptations computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Professional Professional Development Development • Master’s programme in Computing • 4 credit hour courses • target the IT professional • joint effort with IEEE computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Titles and numbers (UK 1999) • • • • • • Operating Systems… Project management Relational Databases Software Engineering Java HCI computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING 563 1325 758 944 941 454 New developments • Paperless assignments • Exams in the home • as part of a new electronic infrastructure • look again at assessment computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING ETMA Marking Tool Marking computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Electronic Exams Clean PC OU Database Mark Answers Upload Answers Record Grades Connect to OU Access Results Connect to OU Download Paper Type Answers computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Electronic Exams in the Electronic Home: Pros and Cons Home: + comfortable surroundings + take at any time + of any duration (and timed) + open book + computer or tutor marked - cheat! – summative : cheat others – formative : cheat yourself computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Cheating Control • immediately after the exam, a random sample of students are telephoned, asked to identify themselves and asked a question related to the exam • a random sample of students are invited to a viva-voce examination (including some of those from the previous step) computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Costs • Quality costs • Support is time consuming and not cheap • Scalability matters computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Support at faculty level • one person per course • in addition to content specialists computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Support university level • 500 staff • £20 million budget • over 200,000 potential customers computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING University media output • • • • • 1,000,000 audio cassettes 250,000 video cassettes 80,000 floppy disks 200,000 CD-ROMs 20 tons of post per week computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Customer Service & Customer Operational Support Operational • student helpdesk – 09:00 - 23:30 hrs, seven days a week – support for 60,000 students and tutors – 59,000 queries in 1999 (46,000 by telephone) computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Funding 1999 140 120 Oxford 100 Cambridge Funding in 80 millions GBP 60 Open 40 Imperial 20 Stafford 0 Teaching computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Research Total Conclusion I. The Internet, as a communications medium, can support and enhance all aspects of the educational process, particularly for study at home. computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Conclusion II. Pick the media for pedagogic reasons. computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Conclusion III. • Quality is not cheap • Support is time consuming and not cheap • Distance learning is not cheap computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Conclusion IV. Meet student expectations V. Scalability matters computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Thank you for your Thank attention. attention. Gordon Davies g.davies@open.ac.uk www.open.ac.uk www.open.edu computing department computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING ...
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