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Unformatted text preview: Distance learning, the
Distance
web and the United
States Open
University
University
Gordon Davies
Open University
g.davies@open.ac.uk
computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Why distance
Why
Learning?
Learning?
‘The United States will always
do the right thing having
exhausted all other possibilities’
Winston Churchill
computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING The Open University
Total number of students
in 1999 (worldwide):
– undergraduate
– postgraduate computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING 130,000
32,000 The Open University
•
•
•
• 300+ courses
average cost of a degree £3500
66% of students between 25  45
half of the courses use IT to
enhance teaching computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING How do you measure
How
quality?
quality?
•
•
•
•
•
• Curriculum
Teaching and learning
Student progression
Student support
Learning resources
Quality assurance computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING General Engineering
•
•
•
•
•
• Curriculum
Teaching and learning
Student progression
Student support
Learning resources
Quality assurance
Total 24/24
computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING 4/4
4/4
4/4
4/4
4/4
4/4 Percentage of departments
Percentage
rated 'excellent' or scoring at
least 22 points out of 24.
least
Premier League
First Division
Cambridge 94.7
St Andrews 57.9
York 84.6
Open University 58.3
Imperial 83.3
Oxford 80.0
LSE 77.8
Nottingham 64.0
Durham 65.2
University College, London 63.6
Warwick 62.5
Lancaster 60.0
Loughborough 60.0
computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING OU Research
• 1500 PhD students
• 10,000 Masters students
• ranked 29th in UK universities for
research computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Distance learning works
• OU education costs significantly less than its
equivalent in fulltime higher education
elsewhere. Typical OU funding costs are 45%
to 60% of fulltime higher education. computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Why is the OU Successful?
•
•
•
•
•
• political commitment
high quality teaching materials
student support
academic credibility
research
infrastructure computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING High Quality
High
Teaching Materials
Teaching
• courses created by course teams
• assessment created annually by
course teams
• may include:
– text
– books
– video
– TV broadcast
– audio
computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING –
–
–
–
– radio broadcast
home experiment kits
software
conferencing
CDROM High Quality
High
Teaching Materials
Teaching
The Internet is
a delivery medium for
some components.
computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Student Support
• 7,500 associate faculty
• comment on and mark
assignments
• tutorials at 235 study centres
• phone and email support
• electronic assignments
• onscreen marking
computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Use of the Web
• consider the roles the student
plays
• web site as a learning assistant,
but:
• learning is best done away from
a screen
computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Web based courses
three examples
• M206: Computing: an Object oriented
approach
– 4,500 students in 1999 • M301:Software Systems and their
Development
– 2000 students in 2000 • T171 You, your computer and the net
– 12,000 students in 2000
computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING M206:
M206:
Media used in this course
Media
—printed text (53)
In
principle,
all have
equal
status —course book (1)
—broadcast television (11)
—Smalltalk Learning Book (1000)
—interactive CDROM (3)
—Network technology:
the Web (1000) +
conferencing (>1500)
computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Use of media
• if it moves, use the web site
• if it doesn’t…….
• use as a delivery medium computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Use of web
• Web pages to read
– news
– lists
– TV notes • Web pages to print
– assignments
– use pdf files • And designed accordingly
computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Creating a new
Creating
university
university
• United States Open University
opens in 2000
• uses UKOU materials
• uses electronic
communication from the
outset
computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING United States Open
United
University
University
Target
• the Community College
leaver
• professional development computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING United States Open
United
University
University
• Offer two Computing
programs
• BS in Computing
• MS in Computing
• Plus Humanities, IT and
Business
computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Associate Faculty
• Essential contributors to
quality of programs
• must be good teachers
• integrate with permanent
staff
• involve in faculty business
• eventually involve in course
adaptations
computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Professional
Professional
Development
Development
• Master’s programme in
Computing
• 4 credit hour courses
• target the IT professional
• joint effort with IEEE computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Titles and numbers
(UK 1999)
•
•
•
•
•
• Operating Systems…
Project management
Relational Databases
Software Engineering
Java
HCI computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING 563
1325
758
944
941
454 New developments
• Paperless assignments
• Exams in the home
• as part of a new electronic
infrastructure
• look again at assessment computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING ETMA Marking Tool
Marking computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Electronic Exams
Clean PC OU
Database Mark
Answers Upload
Answers Record
Grades Connect
to OU Access
Results Connect
to OU
Download
Paper
Type
Answers
computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Electronic Exams in the
Electronic
Home: Pros and Cons
Home:
+ comfortable surroundings
+ take at any time
+ of any duration (and timed)
+ open book
+ computer or tutor marked
 cheat!
– summative : cheat others
– formative : cheat yourself
computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Cheating Control
• immediately after the exam, a random
sample of students are telephoned,
asked to identify themselves and
asked a question related to the exam
• a random sample of students are
invited to a vivavoce examination
(including some of those from the
previous step) computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Costs
• Quality costs
• Support is time consuming
and not cheap
• Scalability matters computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Support
at faculty level
• one person per course
• in addition to content
specialists computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Support
university level
• 500 staff
• £20 million budget
• over 200,000 potential
customers computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING University media output
•
•
•
•
• 1,000,000 audio cassettes
250,000 video cassettes
80,000 floppy disks
200,000 CDROMs
20 tons of post per week computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Customer Service &
Customer
Operational Support
Operational
• student helpdesk
– 09:00  23:30 hrs, seven days a
week
– support for 60,000 students and
tutors
– 59,000 queries in 1999 (46,000
by telephone)
computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Funding 1999
140
120
Oxford 100 Cambridge Funding in 80
millions GBP 60 Open 40 Imperial 20 Stafford 0 Teaching computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Research Total Conclusion
I. The Internet, as a
communications medium,
can support and enhance
all aspects of the
educational process,
particularly for study at
home.
computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Conclusion
II. Pick the media for pedagogic
reasons. computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Conclusion
III.
• Quality is not cheap
• Support is time consuming
and not cheap
• Distance learning is not cheap computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Conclusion
IV. Meet student expectations
V. Scalability matters computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Thank you for your
Thank
attention.
attention.
Gordon Davies
g.davies@open.ac.uk
www.open.ac.uk
www.open.edu
computing department
computing FACULTY of MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING ...
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 Fall '11
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