mental%20health

mental%20health - Introduction to Mental Disorders Why...

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Introduction to Mental Disorders
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Why should we care.
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Mental Disorder Is a condition that is primary psychological and that alters behavior, including changes in physiological functioning if explained by psychological concepts (personality, motivation, conflict). Condition that in its ‘full-blown’ state is regularly associated with subjective stress, impairment of social functioning, or behavior that one would like to stop because of it’s threats to physical health.
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Epidemiology of Mental Illness Review of terms: Morbidity, Mortality, Incidence, Prevalence What is a case? Have a cluster of signs and symptoms that, when taken together, impair a person’s ability to function
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Adults Current estimates* = 20-23 % of US population are affected during a given year. (anxiety disorders (16%) are most prevalent) Simple phobias (8.3%) Mood disorders (MD episode – 7%) 44-50 million people 28-30 % of population have either a mental or addictive disorder. Many mental illness co-occur or are co-pathogenic. * - what are diagnostic confounds?
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Children and Adolescents About 20% of children are estimated to have mental disorders with at least mild functional impairment. Anxiety (13%) and disruptive disorders (10.3%) are the two most prevalent. Diagnosis of mental disorders are often confounded by normal developmental stages within childhood (neuro-pasticity)
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Older Adults Not as well documented (why?) 15-20 % have a diagnosable mental disorder during a 1-year period. Anxiety disorders (11%) Mood disorders (5%) Major depressive episode (4%)
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Major types of mental disorders Anxiety disorders Acute stress disorder Agoraphobia Generalized Anxiety Disorder
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mental%20health - Introduction to Mental Disorders Why...

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