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Running head: ASSESSMENT TOOLS AND DIAGNOSTIC 1Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests: MammogramWalden UniversityJune 20, 2020Introduction
ASSESSMENT TOOL AND DIAGNOSTIC 2When seeking to evaluate and identify the patient's condition, the advanced practice nurseuses a wide array of diagnostic tests and assessment tools. Nonetheless, different factors may impact the validity and reliability of the results obtained from these tests or tools. As an advanced practice registered nurse, one ought to be aware of the underlying factors to choose themost appropriate tool or test and accurately interpret the results (Ball et al., 2019). One importantdiagnostic test that can be administered on patients is mammograms, which is a screening test used to detect and diagnose different conditions affecting the breast. The paper considers the validity and reliability of mammograms to explore issues such as sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values. Description of How Mammograms are used in HealthcareThe Centers for Disease Control and Prevention describes a mammogram as an x-ray thatcaptures a picture of the breast that physicians use to look for early signs of breast cancer. Regular mammograms are also considered the best tests that doctors undertake for early detection of breast cancer. Mammograms are useful in identifying masses on breasts as indicated in abnormal laboratory values or imaging findings so that prompt action can be undertaken following the findings (Ball et al., 2019). Both screening and diagnostic mammograms are used in the examination of the breast to check on development, establish the cause of pain, tenderness,discharge, and breast tissue density. As noted by Ball et al. (2019), breast cancer mortality is reduced with mammography screening, and most of the mammogram results benefit those who undergo screening between the ages of 50 and 74 years.