chapter 10 - Chapter 10 Externalities TRUE/FALSE 1. Markets...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 10 Externalities TRUE/FALSE 1. Markets sometimes fail to allocate resources efficiently. ANS: T DIF: 2 REF: 10-0 NAT: Analytic LOC: Markets, market failure, and externalities TOP: Market failure MSC: Interpretive 2. When a transaction between a buyer and seller directly affects a third party, the effect is called an externality. ANS: T DIF: 1 REF: 10-0 NAT: Analytic LOC: Markets, market failure, and externalities TOP: Externalities MSC: Definitional 3. Buyers and sellers neglect the external effects of their actions when deciding how much to demand or supply. ANS: T DIF: 2 REF: 10-0 NAT: Analytic LOC: Markets, market failure, and externalities TOP: Externalities MSC: Interpretive 4. In a market characterized by externalities, the market equilibrium fails to maximize the total benefit to society as a whole. ANS: T DIF: 1 REF: 10-0 NAT: Analytic LOC: Markets, market failure, and externalities TOP: Externalities MSC: Definitional 5. In a market with positive externalities, the market equilibrium quantity maximizes the welfare of society as a whole. ANS: F DIF: 1 REF: 10-0 NAT: Analytic LOC: Markets, market failure, and externalities TOP: Externalities MSC: Interpretive 6. Barking dogs cannot be considered an externality because externalities must be associated with some form of market exchange. ANS: F DIF: 1 REF: 10-0 NAT: Analytic LOC: Markets, market failure, and externalities TOP: Externalities MSC: Applicative 7. The social cost of pollution includes the private costs of the producers plus the costs to those bystanders adversely affected by the pollution. ANS: T DIF: 1 REF: 10-1 NAT: Analytic LOC: Markets, market failure, and externalities TOP: Externalities MSC: Definitional 8. Organizers of an outdoor concert in a park surrounded by residential neighborhoods are likely to consider the noise and traffic cost to residential neighborhoods when they assess the financial viability of the concert venture. ANS: F DIF: 1 REF: 10-1 NAT: Analytic LOC: Markets, market failure, and externalities TOP: Negative externalities MSC: Applicative 9. When a driver enters a crowded highway he increases the travel times of all other drivers on the highway. This is an example of a negative externality. ANS: T DIF: 1 REF: 10-0 NAT: Analytic LOC: Markets, market failure, and externalities TOP: Externalities MSC: Interpretive 151 152 Chapter 10/Externalities 10. When firms internalize a negative externality, the market supply curve shifts to the left. ANS: T DIF: 2 REF: 10-1 NAT: Analytic LOC: Markets, market failure, and externalities TOP: Negative externalities MSC: Analytical 11. Government subsidized scholarships are an example of a government policy aimed at correcting negative externalities associated with education....
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course ECON Econ taught by Professor Morris during the Spring '10 term at City Colleges of Chicago.

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chapter 10 - Chapter 10 Externalities TRUE/FALSE 1. Markets...

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