Mathematics in Grades 1 and 2 includes the study of whole numbers, addition and
subtraction, basic facts of multiplication and division, basics of geometry, fractions,
metric and local measurements, the use of money and their application to practical
problems based on real life activities.
Grades 3 and 4 deals with the study of whole numbers, the four fundamental operations,
fractions and decimals including money, angles, plane figures, measurement and
In Grades 5 and 6 the child is expected to have mastered the four fundamental
operations of whole numbers, performs skills in decimals and fractions, conceptualize
the meaning of ratio and proportion, percent, integers, simple probability, polygons,
spatial figures, measurement and graphs.
Simple concepts in Algebra is also introduced
to be articulated in the high school.
Besides further development of the basic mathematical skills, the child is expected to
solve problems related to business and industrial activities in the community.
The 20-minute increase in the daily time allotment is given to ensure that all
lessons are finished and there will be more activities that involve grouping practical
investigations and problem solving.
Pupils learn more if they have hands on or
manipulative and interactive activities, learn on their own, explore, discover,
generalize and apply what they learned in their daily life.