concepts for 2nd long exam - New concepts for review by...

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New concepts for review by Nestor Castro September 24, 2010 Affinity – relationship by marriage whether by lineals (e.g. son's wife) or collaterals (e.g. sister's husband). Allophone – variation of a phoneme. Ambilocality – postmarital residence pattern in which the couple may reside with either the husband's or the wife's group. Amish – a Mennonite Christian community found in Pennsylvania, U.S.A. that descended from 18th century Germanic migrants to North America. Avunculocality – a pattern of residence in which a married couple settles with or near the husband's mother's brother. Bilateral kinship – a system in which kinship ties are recognized through both parents. Chavacano – a Creole language spoken in Zamboanga (i.e. Zamboangueño), Cavite City (i.e. Caviteño), Ternate, Cavite (Ternateño), and formerly in Ermita, Manila (Ermiteño). Clan – a unilineal corporate descent group based on real or, more commonly, fictive kinship. Collateral relative – a biological relative who is not lineal, i.e. one's aunt, uncle, nephew, niece, and cousin. Concubine – a woman with whom a man cohabits without getting married. Consanguinity – kinship based on biological relationship. Corporate organization – organized group in that its members interact and cooperate in the performance of certain tasks. Creole – a language that developed from a pidgin form. Cross-cousins – children of siblings of the opposite sex; one's cousins are father's sisters children and mother's brother's children. Cultural emphasis – according to Franz Boas, the number of synonyms of a particular concept is a marker that the said concept is important to a specific culture; in contrast, the absence or lack of synonyms of a particular concept means that the said concept is less important to the culture. Deaf culture – the culture of Deaf persons who take pride in being deaf because they do not view deafness as a disability but merely a different identity. Descent – rule assigning social identity on the basis of some aspect of one's ancestry. Descent group – a permanent social unit whose members claim common ancestry; fundamental to tribal society. Descriptive linguistics – the study of how languages are constructed. Dialect – a variety of a language spoken in a particular area or by a particular social group. Ego – in the reckoning of kinship, the reference point or focal person.
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course ANTHRO 10 taught by Professor Castro during the Spring '11 term at University of the Philippines Diliman.

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concepts for 2nd long exam - New concepts for review by...

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