Psychosocial Health_Chapter 2

Psychosocial Health_Chapter 2 - Psychosocial Health...

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Unformatted text preview: Psychosocial Health Psychosocial Chapter Two September 8, 2010 Defining Psychosocial Health Defining Psychosocial health encompasses Psychosocial – Emotional health Feeling part of psychosocial health Emotional reactions to life – Social health Interactions with others Social bonds Social support Defining Psychosocial Health Defining Psychosocial health encompasses Psychosocial – Mental health Thinking/rational component Thinking/rational Intellectual health Intellectual – Spiritual health Interconnectedness Mindfulness Living in harmony with the community – altruism Part of everyday life – fullest potential Basic Characteristics Shared by Psychosocially Healthy People Psychosocially Feel good about themselves Feel comfortable with other people Control tension and anxiety Meet the demands of life Curb hate and guilt Maintain a positive outlook Value diversity Appreciate and respect nature Enrich the lives of others Factors Influencing Psychosocial Health Factors External (factors that we do not control) – Family (e.g. upbringing, nurturing families Family produce more well-adjusted adults) produce – Macro Environment (e.g. safety, access to Macro services) services) Internal – Self-efficacy – Self-esteem – Resiliency – Personality – Control tension and anxiety Factors Influencing Psychosocial Health Factors Self-esteem – Ways to improve self-esteem Find support group Complete required tasks Form realistic expectations Take “Me” time Maintain physical health Examine problems and seek help if necessary Self-Efficacy – Your belief that you can complete a task Your successfully successfully Factors Influencing Psychosocial Health Factors Learned Helplessness versus Learned Optimism – Learned helplessness (people give up and fail to take Learned action action We are victims – Learned optimism (thinking positively) Teach ourselves to be positive Positive self talk Personality – We can understand and change our behavior Extroversion Agreeable Openness to experience Emotionally stable Conscientiousness Resiliency Life Span and Maturity Strategies to Enhance Psychosocial Health Psychosocial Find a support group Complete required tasks Form realistic expectations Make time for you Maintain physical health through exercise Examine problems and seek help when necessary Get adequate sleep – Conserve energy – Restore/replenish Laughter/Sense of Humor Using Positive Psychology to Enhance Happiness to Develop gratitude – A sense of thankfulness and appreciation for the good sense things in life and life’s lessons things Use capitalization – Focus on good things that happen to us and share those Focus things with others things Know when to say when – Find a realistic level of achievement that you are happy Find with and stick to it with Grow a signature strength – Work hard to develop a trait (i.e. wisdom, courage, Work humanity, hope, curiosity, love, vitality) humanity, When Psychosocial Health Deteriorates When Mental Illness – Disorders that disrupt thinking, feeling, moods, and Disorders behaviors and cause a varying degree of impaired functioning in daily life functioning – About 1 in 4 adults 18yeasr and older suffer from a About diagnosable mental disorder in a given year diagnosable – American College Health Association found that 18.2% of American college students had been diagnosed with depression at some point in their lives some Mood Disorders Mood Chronic Mood Disorders – Disorders that affect how you feel; experience of Disorders persistent emotional states such as sadness, despair, and hopelessness despair, – Examples of Chronic Mood Disorders Depression Dysthymia Bipolar Disorder Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) Mood Disorders Mood Depressive Disorders – Interfere with your life – Interaction between biology, learned behavioral responses, Interaction cognitive factors, environment and situational triggers and stressors stressors – Symptoms of depression Feelings of sadness and hopelessness Loss of pleasure Poor appetite Insomnia Restlessness Thoughts of worthlessness Trouble concentrating Thoughts of death or suicide Mood Disorders Mood Dysthymia – Less severe syndrome of chronic mild Less depression depression – Can be harder to recognize because individuals Can may appear to function okay may Mania (Bipolar Disorder) – Bipolar Disorder is also called manic-depressive Bipolar illness illness Sever mood swings Exact cause unknown but biological, genetic, Exact environmental factors may be involved with triggering the illness the Pharmacological and Psychotherapeutic therapy Mood Disorders Mood Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) – Type of depression that occurs during the winter Type months when the sunlight levels are low months – Milder form is the winter blues – Irritability, apathy, carbohydrate craving, Irritability, increased sleep time increased – Treatment Treatment Bright light every morning Diet change (more complex carbohydrates) Diet Stress management techniques Exercise Sleep restrictions Mood Disorders Mood Gender Differences – Women Women twice as likely than men to experience depression Women focus (maybe to the point of obsession) more on the Women depressive mood where men will try to distract themselves depressive – Men Depression in men is often masked by alcohol and substance Depression abuse, or working long hours abuse, More likely to act on suicidal feelings (and more successful) College Students – Various pressures make them vulnerable Older Adults – Often undiagnosed and untreated especially in Often individuals who are in lower income groups individuals Anxiety Disorders Anxiety Anxiety Disorders – Disorders characterized by persistent feelings of threat and Disorders worry in coping with everyday problems worry Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) – – – Worries have taken over (consummate worrier) Often runs in families Treatment: Valium, Xanax, Librium Panic Disorders – Sudden unexpected surges in anxiety Rapid and strong heart beat Shortness of breath Loss of physical equilibrium Feeling of losing mental control Anxiety Disorders Anxiety Phobic Disorders (Phobias) – Simple phobia or Specific phobia Fear of something definite Most common anxiety disorder E.g. fear of lightening, dogs, cats, spiders, snakes – Social phobia Fear of humiliation or embarrassment while being Fear observed by others observed E.g. public speaking Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) – Obsessions – recurrent, unwanted thoughts – Compulsions – repetitive, difficult-to-resist actions E.g. hand washing, counting, checking to see if a door E.g. is locked is Anxiety Disorders Anxiety Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) – Reaction to a severely traumatic event – Generally develops within first hours or days after a Generally traumatic event but occasionally symptoms do not begin until months or years later begin Schizophrenia Schizophrenia A mental illness with biological origins that is mental characterized by irrational behavior, severe alterations of the senses (hallucinations), and often an inability to function in society often General characteristics Disorganized thoughts Disorganized Inappropriate emotions Delusions Auditory hallucinations Deteriorating social and work function Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Symptoms usually appear in men in their late teens Symptoms and twenties and in women in their late twenties and early thirties. and Treatable but not curable Hospitalization, psychotherapy, medication Warning Signs of Suicide Warning Expressing the ‘wish’ Expressing to be dead to Increasing social Increasing withdrawal/isolation withdrawal/isolation Sudden inexplicable Sudden lightening of mood lightening Previous history of Previous attempts attempts Suicide by a family Suicide member or friend member Readily available Readily means of committing suicide suicide History of substance History abuse or eating disorders disorders Serious medical Serious problems problems Getting Help Getting Self Help – – – – – – Books Writing a journal Religious Social groups Peer counseling and support groups Professional Professional Determine the need Choosing a mental health professional Choosing – Psychiatrists – Clinical psychologists – Social workers – Licensed Counselors – Clergy – Treatment Team Campus Resources Student Counseling Service 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM Monday through Friday ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course HHPL 101 taught by Professor Long-white during the Fall '11 term at Howard.

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