Darfur#4A

Darfur#4A - 1. What non-industrial strategies do groups in...

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1. What non-industrial strategies do groups in Darfur use? The non-industrial adaptive strategies used by groups in Darfur are agriculture and pastoralism. Darfur is basically divided into three parts that use three different production systems overall. North Darfur is a Semi-desert area that is prone to drought. North Darfur is the domain of the Abbala camel herders, or pastoralists, who are both Arab (Rizeigat and Zayadiya) and non-Arab (Zaghawa and Meidop). There is some household-based millet cultivation on the sandy qoz soils, as well, which is horticulture. West Darfur has the most fertile land and is mostly inhabited by non-Arab farming communities (Fur and Masalit) who grow millet, Darfur's staple, and keep a few animals. This region is able to use shadouf, simple irrigation systems, for its agriculture. South Darfur is home to the Baggara, or cattle people. Reliable rains permit growing millet and other crops. This region mostly practices agriculture ("Immediate Decreases in Vegetation Due to the Genocide in Darfur, 2003-2007: Darfur" 2010). 2. Do you think differences in how they make their living contribute to the problem? Why or why not? Yes. I think differences in how people in Darfur make their living contribute to the problems between them due to scarce resources. The various groups have to compete for the use of the land, livestock, and all the scarce resources that are needed in order for them to make their livings; that increases tensions and makes the groups fight over who gets to use which resources. According to the United Nations media service, “The conflict pits farming communities against nomads who have aligned themselves with the militia groups – for whom the raids are a way of life – in stiff competition for land and resources. The militias, known as the Janjaweed, attack in large numbers on horseback and camels and are driving the farmers from their land, often
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pushing them towards town centers” (Adekoya 2010). Therefore, it is clear that the conflict is
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Eleanorking during the Spring '10 term at Howard.

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Darfur#4A - 1. What non-industrial strategies do groups in...

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