PSC 1 Spring 2009

PSC 1 Spring 2009 - PSC 1 Spring 2009 Section 3 Post Exam I...

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PSC 1 Spring 2009 Section 3 – Post Exam I Terms in italics indicate topics that were not covered in lecture but are covered in the text. Introduction to Psychology scientific study of mind and behavior The scientific study of mental processes and behavior and its application to practical problems=definition of psychology. A ffect (feeling), B ehavior (acting), C ognition (thinking). role of evolutionary theory Darwin’s evolutionary theory suggested that the typical characteristics of a species must serve some purpose. James (functionalists) used this approach to psc. Evolution: variation/heritability of trait, different reproductive fitness. Behavior and mental processes are shaped by evolution. nature vs nurture debate Nature: genes. Nurture: environment (inc. biological i.e. stress hormones, etc) Is behavior determined by genetic inheritance or by environment and experience? Is the pianist born or made? Structuralism: the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related. Fundamental components of conscious experience (sensations, feelings, images, perceptions.) Used introspection , the careful, systematic self-observation of one’s own conscious experience aka LAB. Functionalism: based on the belief that psychology should investigate the function or purpose of consciousness, rather than its structure (culture, intellectual influences, natural selection.) aka more interested in how people adapt their behavior to the world around them. Both Early psc. Wundt: “founder of psc”, established first lab for studying psc in 1979 Leipzig, Germany. Influenced by reductionism , defined psc as the study of the structure of conscious experience aka Structuralism . James: Influenced by Darwin, wanted to understand the continuous flow of thoughts (stream or consciousness), noted that consciousness is obviously important to species, started Functionalism. Both Later psc. Freud: Austrian physician, used psc to treat mental disorders, concluded that psc disturbances are caused by personal conflicts at an unconscious level (dreams, slips of tongue), developed psychoanalytic theory (attempts to explain personality, motivation, mental disorders by focusing on unconscious behavior). Watson: founder of behaviorism (a theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific psc should study only observable behavior), wanted to change psc meaning to the study of behavior, believed in use of scientific method, and being able to observe things. Abandoned the study of consciousness altogether. Believed in nurture/environment over nature/genes. perspectives in psychology
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2011 for the course PSC 001 taught by Professor P during the Spring '08 term at UC Davis.

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PSC 1 Spring 2009 - PSC 1 Spring 2009 Section 3 Post Exam I...

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