PSC 1 Spring 2009

PSC 1 Spring 2009 - PSC 1 Spring 2009 Section 3 Post Exam I...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PSC 1 Spring 2009 Section 3 – Post Exam I Terms & Concepts Terms in italics indicate topics that were not covered in lecture but are covered in the text. Introduction to Psychology scientific study of mind and behavior The scientific study of mental processes and behavior and its application to practical problems=definition of psychology. A ffect (feeling), B ehavior (acting), C ognition (thinking). role of evolutionary theory Darwin’s evolutionary theory suggested that the typical characteristics of a species must serve some purpose. James (functionalists) used this approach to psc. Evolution: variation/heritability of trait, different reproductive fitness. Behavior and mental processes are shaped by evolution. nature vs nurture debate Nature: genes. Nurture: environment (inc. biological i.e. stress hormones, etc) Is behavior determined by genetic inheritance or by environment and experience? Is the pianist born or made? structuralism & functionalism Structuralism: the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related. Fundamental components of conscious experience (sensations, feelings, images, perceptions.) Used introspection , the careful, systematic self-observation of one’s own conscious experience aka LAB. Functionalism: based on the belief that psychology should investigate the function or purpose of consciousness, rather than its structure (culture, intellectual influences, natural selection.) aka more interested in how people adapt their behavior to the world around them. Wundt’s & James’s contributions Both Early psc. Wundt: “founder of psc”, established first lab for studying psc in 1979 Leipzig, Germany. Influenced by reductionism , defined psc as the study of the structure of conscious experience aka Structuralism . James: Influenced by Darwin, wanted to understand the continuous flow of thoughts (stream or consciousness), noted that consciousness is obviously important to species, started Functionalism. Freud’s & Watson’s contributions Both Later psc. Freud: Austrian physician, used psc to treat mental disorders, concluded that psc disturbances are caused by personal conflicts at an unconscious level (dreams, slips of tongue), developed psychoanalytic theory (attempts to explain personality, motivation, mental disorders by focusing on unconscious behavior). Watson: founder of behaviorism (a theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific psc should study only observable behavior), wanted to change psc meaning to the study of behavior, believed in use of scientific method, and being able to observe things. Abandoned the study of consciousness altogether. Believed in nurture/environment over nature/genes. perspectives in psychology Biological Behavior is determined by physiological factors/processes, research concerns changed in brain activity during various behaviors/thoughts/feelings, concerned with genetics. Leading perspective today.
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern