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chaper 7 - of labor 3 Written rules 4 Written...

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SOCIOLOGY CHAPTER 7 Rationality Using rules, efficiency and practical results to determine human affairs. Traditional society - A society in which the past is thought to be the best guide for the present, characteristics tribal, peasant, and feudal societies. The Rationalization of society - A widespread acceptance of rationality and socials organization that are built largely around this idea. Formal Organization – A secondary group designed to achieve explicit objectives. Bureaucracy – A formal organization with a hierarchy of authority and a clear division of labor: emphasis on impermeability of positions and written rules, communications and records. Bureaucracies have ; 1. Clear levels, with assignments flowing downward and accountability flowing upward. 2. Division
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Unformatted text preview: of labor 3. Written rules 4. Written communications and records. 5. Impersonality and replaceability. Dysfunctions of Bureaucracies 1. Red Tape : A rule is a rule. 2. Lack of Communication between Units. 3. Bureaucratic Alienation – a sense of powerlessness and normlessness, lack of connection between workers. 4. Resisting Alienation. 5. The Alienated Bureaucrat. 6. Bureaucratic Incompetence. PETER PRINCIPLE – A tongue-in-cheek observation that the members of an organization are promoted for their accomplishments until they reach their level of incompetence; there they cease to be promoted, remaining at the level at which they can no longer do good work. Goal Replacement- An organization replacing old goals with new ones; also known as goal replacement....
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