A Brief History of Microbiology

A Brief History of Microbiology - and is regarded as one of...

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A Brief History of Microbiology Microbiology has had a long, rich history, initially centered in the causes of infectious  diseases but now including practical applications of the science. Many individuals have  made significant contributions to the development of microbiology. Early history of microbiology.  Historians are unsure who made the first observations  of microorganisms, but the microscope was available during the mid-1600s, and an  English scientist named  Robert Hooke  made key observations. He is reputed to have  observed strands of fungi among the specimens of cells he viewed. In the 1670s and  the decades thereafter, a Dutch merchant named  Anton van Leeuwenhoek  made  careful observations of microscopic organisms, which he called  animalcules.  Until his  death in 1723, van Leeuwenhoek revealed the microscopic world to scientists of the day 
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Unformatted text preview: and is regarded as one of the first to provide accurate descriptions of protozoa, fungi, and bacteria. After van Leeuwenhoek died, the study of microbiology did not develop rapidly because microscopes were rare and the interest in microorganisms was not high. In those years, scientists debated the theory of spontaneous generation , which stated that microorganisms arise from lifeless matter such as beef broth. This theory was disputed by Francesco Redi , who showed that fly maggots do not arise from decaying meat (as others believed) if the meat is covered to prevent the entry of flies. An English cleric named John Needham advanced spontaneous generation, but Lazzaro Spallanzani disputed the theory by showing that boiled broth would not give rise to microscopic forms of life....
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