A bomb explosion damaged the home of Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer in June
Race riots revealed that white Americans were willing to use violence and intimidation to
maintain positions of supremacy in Northern cities.
The Red Scare, or the period following World War I in which Americans restricted and
discriminated against any form of radical dissent, was preceded by the Bolshevik
Revolution in Russia, one of the most significant waves of labor unrest in American
history, and growing fears of violence committed by anarchists and other radicals.
Though 1919 was also characterized by race riots taking place throughout Northern
cities, they were unrelated to the Red Scare.
The Significance of 1919
Progressives pushed for democratic reforms in party politics,
including the creation of a(n) __________, which allowed party
members, rather than delegates, to nominate candidates for office.
direct primary system
The direct primary system, adopted first by a number of Southern states at the turn of
the century, allowed for the nomination of political candidates through a direct vote by
party members, rather than by the selection by delegates at conventions.
Grass Roots Progressivism