milestone 2.docx - 1 Choose the legislation that was NOT...

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1 Choose the legislation that was NOT part of Theodore Roosevelt’s Square Deal. A law was passed that enabled the President to establish national monuments. A law was passed that regulated interstate transportation on bridges and ferries. A law was passed that made it illegal to place trash in any navigable waterway in the U.S. A law was passed that required product labels listing all ingredients. RATIONALE The Hepburn Act increased the power of the Interstate Commerce Commission to regulate railroad prices and practices, and interstate transportation on bridges and ferries. The Antiquities Act enabled the President to declare lands “of historic or scientific interest” as national monuments. The Pure Food and Drug Act required labeling which listed all ingredients in food and medicine products. All of these acts were part of the Square Deal. CONCEPT Theodore Roosevelt 2 The Red Scare was a period following World War I in which Americans suppressed radical dissent. Which event is NOT considered a cause of the Red Scare? Laborers who had originally agreed not to strike in support of the war effort participated in nearly 3,000 strikes in 1919. The tsar’s regime in Russia was overturned by Communists, and some Americans feared labor unions in the United States were being infiltrated by these revolutionaries.
A bomb explosion damaged the home of Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer in June 1919. Race riots revealed that white Americans were willing to use violence and intimidation to maintain positions of supremacy in Northern cities. RATIONALE The Red Scare, or the period following World War I in which Americans restricted and discriminated against any form of radical dissent, was preceded by the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, one of the most significant waves of labor unrest in American history, and growing fears of violence committed by anarchists and other radicals. Though 1919 was also characterized by race riots taking place throughout Northern cities, they were unrelated to the Red Scare. CONCEPT The Significance of 1919 3 Progressives pushed for democratic reforms in party politics, including the creation of a(n) __________, which allowed party members, rather than delegates, to nominate candidates for office. commission system direct primary system initiative system recall system RATIONALE The direct primary system, adopted first by a number of Southern states at the turn of the century, allowed for the nomination of political candidates through a direct vote by party members, rather than by the selection by delegates at conventions. CONCEPT Grass Roots Progressivism 4
Why did President Theodore Roosevelt use the power of his office to advance Progressive reform? He believed the country needed governmental solutions to the ills of industrialization and corruption.

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