Bacterial transduction. The third important kind of bacterial recombination is transduction. In transduction, bacterial viruses (also known as bacteriophages) transfer DNA fragments from one bacterium (the donor) to another bacterium (the recipient). The viruses involved contain a strand of DNA enclosed in an outer coat of protein. After a bacteriophage (or phage, in brief) enters a bacterium, it may encourage the bacterium to make copies of the phage. At the conclusion of the process, the host bacterium undergoes lysis and releases new phages. This cycle is called the lytic cycle. Under other circumstances, the virus may attach to the bacterial chromosome and integrate its DNA into the bacterial DNA. It may remain here for a period of time before detaching and continuing its replicative process. This cycle is known as the lysogenic cycle. Under these conditions, the virus does not destroy the host bacterium, but
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