Unformatted text preview: Basics of Classification (Taxonomy) The earth today is home to more than 300,000 species of plants and more than one million species of animals. Biologists called taxonomists have devised a carefully developed scheme to organize these myriad species. In the mid 1700s, Carolus Linnaeus, a Swedish physician and botanist, published several books in which he described thousands of plant and animal species. Linnaeus grouped the species according to their reproductive parts. Linnaeus developed the two-part binomial taxonomy system of categorizing organisms according to genus and species.Linnaeus's work remains valid. It has been combined with the work of Charles Darwin in the field of evolution to form the foundation of modern taxonomy. Darwin's theory of evolution states that all modern species are derived from earlier species and that all organisms, past and present, share a common ancestry. derived from earlier species and that all organisms, past and present, share a common ancestry....
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Pesthy during the Fall '07 term at Texas State.
- Fall '07