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Unformatted text preview: Certain fatty acids have one or more double bonds in their molecules. Fats that include these molecules are called unsaturated fats. Other fatty acids have no double bonds. Fats that include these fatty acids are called saturated fats. Some microbial species use fats as energy sources. They produce the enzyme lipase, which breaks down fats to fatty acids and glycerol. An important type of phosphorus-containing lipid, the phospholipid , is a major constituent of the cell membranes of all microorganisms. Proteins. Proteins are among the most complex of all organic compounds. They are composed of units called amino acids , which contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen atoms. Certain amino acids also have sulfur atoms, phosphorus, or other trace elements such as iron or copper. Many proteins are immense and complex as compared to carbohydrates or fats. However, all are Many proteins are immense and complex as compared to carbohydrates or fats....
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Pesthy during the Fall '07 term at Texas State.
- Fall '07
- Fatty Acids