External cellular structures

External cellular structures - External cellular structures...

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Unformatted text preview: External cellular structures. Many prokaryotic cells have at their surface a number of external structures that assist their functions. Among these structures are flagella. Flagella are found primarily in bacterial rods and are used for motility. A bacterium may have a single flagellum (a monotrichous bacterium), or flagella at both ends of the cell (an amphitrichous bacterium), or two or more flagella at one end of the cell (a lophotrichous bacterium), or it may be surrounded by flagella (a peritrichous bacterium). Flagella are long, ultrathin structures, many times the length of the cell. They are composed of the protein flagellin arranged in long fibers. A hooklike structure and basal body connect the flagellum to the cell membrane. Flagella rotate and propel the bacteria. Spirochetes lack flagella, but they possess axial filaments. The axial filaments extend beyond the cell Spirochetes lack flagella, but they possess axial filaments....
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