Introduction to Prokaryotes

Introduction to Prokaryotes - membranes(plasma membranes...

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Introduction to Prokaryotes, Eukaryotes Microorganisms and all other living organisms are classified as  prokaryotes  or  eukaryotes.  Prokaryotes and eukaryotes are distinguished on the basis of their cellular characteristics. For  example, prokaryotic cells lack a nucleus and other memorane-bound structures known as  organelles, while eukaryotic cells have both a nucleus and organelles (Figure  1  ). 
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Figure 1 The important cellular features of (a) a prokaryotic cell (a bacterium) and (b) a eukaryotic cell . Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells are similar in several ways. Both types of cells are enclosed by cell 
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Unformatted text preview: membranes (plasma membranes), and both use DNA for their genetic information. Prokaryotes include several kinds of microorganisms, such as bacteria and cyanobacteria. Eukaryotes include such microorganisms as fungi, protozoa, and simple algae. Viruses are considered neither prokaryotes nor eukaryotes because they lack the characteristics of living things, except the ability to replicate (which they accomplish only in living cells)....
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Pesthy during the Fall '07 term at Texas State.

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Introduction to Prokaryotes - membranes(plasma membranes...

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